Quick facts – Asthma in Minnesota
How common is asthma in Minnesota?
- One in 14 children (7.1%) and one in 12 adults (8.4%) currently have asthma, adding up to more than 440,000 Minnesotans who have asthma.1,2
- An estimated one in 10 middle and high school students (grades 6-12) (10.6%) in Minnesota currently have asthma.3
- In 2014, there were 21,800 emergency department visits and 3,300 hospitalizations for asthma across Minnesota.4
- In 2014, there were 65 deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.
- 42% of those who died were age 65 or older when they died.
- There were 11 deaths among residents under age 35.5
Are there disparities in asthma rates in Minnesota?
- The likelihood of having asthma differs by race/ethnicity.
- American Indian and African American middle/high school students are more likely than other students to have been diagnosed with asthma.6
- Among adults, African Americans are more likely than whites to have asthma.2
- There are significant differences in the rates of hospitalizations and emergency department visits for asthma by region of the state.
- Asthma hospitalization rates for children living in the Twin Cities metropolitan area are 67% higher than for children living in Greater Minnesota.
- Rates of ED visits for asthma for children living in the Twin Cities metro area are nearly twice as high as for children living in Greater Minnesota.
- In certain ZIP codes in the city of Minneapolis, hospitalization rates for asthma among children are 4 times higher than the statewide rate.4
- There are also disparities in rates of deaths due to asthma in Minnesota.
- Asthma death rates are 4 times higher among African Americans and 3 times higher among Asian/Pacific Islanders than among whites.7
- Among those who were under age 65 when they died, the asthma death rate for African Americans was 6 times higher than it was for whites.7
What is the economic cost of asthma?
- In 2014, asthma cost an estimated $669.3 million, including $614.9 million in direct medical expenses and $54.3 million in lost work days.8
1National Survey of Children’s Health, 2012
2Minnesota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2014
3Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey, 2014
4 MN Hospital Uniform Billing (UB) Claims Data, Health Economics Program, MDH and Minnesota Hospital Association, 2014
5 Minnesota Center for Health Statistics, 2014
6 Minnesota Student Survey, 2013
7Age-adjusted rates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics, Compressed Mortality File on CDC WONDER Online Database, http://wonder.cdc.gov/
8 National Asthma Control Program, CDC