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Minnesota Department of Health urges you to take small but important steps with your family to manage, delay or prevent type 2 diabetes.

Tips for Healthy Eating

Tips for Being Active

Tips for Managing Diabetes

Tips for Taking Care of Someone with Diabetes

What Are Type 2 Diabetes & Prediabetes?

Are you at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?

How Many People Have Diabetes or Prediabetes?

  •  About 300,000 (7.3%) of Minnesota adults have been diagnosed with diabetes.1(2012)
  • 1 in 4 people with diabetes do not know they have it.2
  • As many as 1.4 million adults in Minnesota have prediabetes.  Most do not know they have it.3(2012)
  • 6% of births in Minnesota were complicated by gestational diabetes.4 (2010)

How Many People Are at Risk for Diabetes?

  • 17.6% of all Minnesota adults reported no leisure time physical activity, which increases their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.  The problem gets worse as people get older: 13% of all 18-44 year olds reported no leisure time physical activity in the last month as did 18.3% of 45-64 year olds and 27.6% of adults 65 years and older.1 (2012)
  • Less than half (47.5%) of 6th graders and even fewer (43.4%) of 12th graders reported being physically active for 30 minutes or more 5 of the last 7 days.5 (2010)
  • An alarming 63.0% of all Minnesota adults are overweight or obese based on their height and weight.1 (2012)
  • Having a family history of type 2 diabetes increases the risk of developing the disease.  In a recent survey, more than 1 in 3 (36.2%) of US adults who did not have diabetes said they had a family history (parents or siblings) of diabetes.6
  • Studies suggest that having a family history of type 2 diabetes is associated with a 2-6 fold increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.7

REFERENCES:

1(MDH analysis) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey. Atlanta, Georgia. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012. http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/annual_data/annual_2012.html
2Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet. http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/factsheet11.htm
3Minnesota Department of Health. Prediabetes in Minnesota. St. Paul, Minnesota. 2013. http://www.health.state.mn.us/diabetes/pdf/Prediabetes_in_Minnesota.pdf
4United States Department of Health and Human Services (US DHHS), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Division of Vital Statistics, Natality public-use data 2007-2010 on CDC WONDER Online Database. http://wonder.cdc.gov/natality-current.html
5Minnesota Departments of Education, Health, Human Services and Public Safety. Minnesota Student Survey 1992-2010 Trends. http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/chs/mss/trendreports/msstrendteport2010.pdf
6Chang et al. 2011. Influence of Familial Risk on Diabetes Risk-Reducing Behaviors Among U.S. Adults Without Diabetes. Diabetes Care 34(11):2393-2399 http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/11/2393.full
7Harrison et al. 2003. Family history of diabetes as a potential public health tool. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 24(2):152-159. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379702005883