Summary of Powers and Duties Contained in Minn. Stat. § 145A.03–145A.10

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  1. enforce laws, regulations and ordinances pertaining to its powers and duties within its jurisdictional area;
  2. make investigations and reports and obey the instructions of the state commissioner to control communicable diseases;
  3. order the removal or abatement of a public health nuisance, and if the nuisance is not abated, must have the nuisance abated or removed at the expense of the property owner (see the Public Health Nuisance Control Guidelines, January 1992);
  4. have at least five members, must elect a chair and vice-chair, and must hold meetings at least twice per year;
  5. must not deny services because of inability to pay; and
  6. must not refuse or neglect to perform a duty on penalty of a misdemeanor.


  1. enter into agreements: a) with the state commissioner to perform certain licensing, inspection, reporting, and enforcement duties; and b) to authorize townships, cities, or counties within its jurisdiction to establish a Board of Health and may then delegate certain powers and duties to the newly-formed Board of Health. Such delegations must be approved by the state commissioner of health;
  2. form a Board of Health through joint powers agreements, and may withdraw from the agreement with proper notice;
  3. establish a health department, employ persons as necessary, and appoint, employ, or contract with a medical consultant to receive appropriate medical advice and direction;
  4. acquire property, accept gifts and grants or subsidies, and establish and collect reasonable fees. However, access to services provided by the Board of Health must not be denied because of inability to pay;
  5. contract to provide, receive, or ensure provision of services;
  6. enter a building, conveyance, or place where a cause of preventable disease is reasonably expected to exist in order to enforce public health laws, ordinances or rules; and
  7. seek an injunction to enjoining the violation of statute, rule or ordinance.

A COMMUNITY HEALTH BOARD has all the powers and duties of a Board of Health and, in addition, must:

  1. assess community health needs and assets; establish local public health priorities; determine the mechanisms by which the community health board will address the local public health priorities and statewide outcomes within the limits of available funding; seek public input or consider the recommendations of the community health services advisory committee and the ten essential public health services on the mechanisms to address local priorities and statewide outcomes;
  2. appoint, employ, or contract with a medical consultant;
  3. meet personnel requirements established for the CHS Administrator and the Medical Consultant;
  4. ensure the community health services are accessible to all persons on the basis of need; and
  5. notify the commissioner in writing every five years of the statewide outcomes and local priorities that the board will address;
  6. work toward the Healthy People 2010 goals to reduce the state's percentage of low birth weight infants;
  7. provide the commissioner with annual information necessary to evaluate progress toward selected statewide outcomes and to meet federal reporting requirements;
  8. submit an annual report documenting progress toward the achievement of statewide outcomes and local priorities;
  9. consider the income and expenditures required to meet local public heath priorities and statewide outcomes in levying taxes.


  1. appoint a Community Health Advisory Committee;
  2. recommend local ordinances to a county board or city council; and
  3. appoint a member to the State Community Health Services Advisory Committee;
  4. use local public health grant monies to address local public health priorities.