Statute Requirements

Local Public Health Act

CHBs have statutory responsibility under the Local Public Health Act and must address and implement the essential local public health activities. Additionally, CHBs must assure that:

  • a community health assessment and plan are completed on a regular cycle;
  • community health needs are prioritized in a manner that involves community participation; and
  • needed public health services are developed and implemented.

The Local Public Health Assessment and Planning process helps CHBs complete community health assessments and community health improvement plans, and the Planning and Performance Measurement Reporting System ensures CHBs can use accurate information to improve public health.

More Information

Image Summary of Powers and Duties Contained in Minn. Stat. § 145A.03-145A.10 (Download: PDF: 22KB / 1 page)
Image Local Public Health Authorities and Mandates (PDF: 302KB / 10 pages)

Population Requirements

The Local Public Health Act requires each CHB to serve a population of at least 30,000 people. If a single county doesn't meet the population requirement, it can form a CHB with one or more neighboring counties. If a CHB serves three or more contiguous counties, the minimum population requirement does not apply.

The number of CHBs in the system has varied over time and is subject to change. CHBs are required to have a community health services administrator and a medical consultant. Members of the CHB are either elected or appointed; the membership, composition, and business practices of CHBs vary throughout the state