Birth Defects Information System

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The Birth Defects Information System (BDIS) statute was enacted in 2004 to establish and maintain an information system containing data on the cause, treatment, prevention, and cure of major birth defects. The Birth Defects Monitoring & Analysis program actively collects information from hospital and clinic charts of infants diagnosed with certain conditions present at birth and identified in the first year of life. The BDIS database started in 2005 with infants born or treated in Hennepin and Ramsey Counties. As of June 2015, BDIS monitors approximately 87 percent of Minnesota births for the presence of one of about 50 birth defects.

Policy and administrative direction continues to be obtained from a multi–disciplinary Birth Defects Work Group that includes representatives and experts in epidemiology, medicine, insurance, health maintenance organizations, genetics, parents of children with birth defects, voluntary organizations and local public health.

How is the information used?

  • Monitor the occurrence of birth defects to detect potential public health problems, trends, predict risks, assist in response to birth defects clusters, and detect changes in birth defects rates
  • Evaluate impact of primary prevention efforts designed to improve health outcomes
  • More accurately target intervention, prevention, and services for communities, patients, and their families
  • Inform health professionals and citizens of the prevalence of, risks for, and prevention of birth defects
  • Assure that families are connected with appropriate services in close partnership with local public health
  • Conduct scientific investigations and surveys of the causes, mortality, methods of treatment, prevention, and cure for birth defects
  • Modify, as necessary, the birth defects information system through demonstration projects

What are the conditions included in the Minnesota Birth Defects Information System?

For more information on these conditions, visit the CYSHN Diseases and Conditions Identified in Children.

Aortic Valve Stenosis, Atrial Septal Defect, Atrioventricular Septal Defect/AV Canal/Endocardial Cushion Defect (AV Canal), Coarctation of the Aorta, Common Truncus/Truncus Arteriosus, Ebstein Anomaly, Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, Interrupted Aortic Arch, Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Pulmonary Valve Atresia and Stenosis, Single Ventricle, Tetralogy of Fallot, Total Anomalous Venus Connection, Transposition of the Great Arteries, Tricuspid Valve Atresia and Stenosis, Ventricular Septal Defect
Central Nervous System Anencephaly, Encephalocele, Holoprosencephaly, Hydrocephalus, Spina Bifida
Chromosomal 22q.11.2 Deletion, Down Syndrome, Trisomy 13, Trisomy 18, Turner Syndrome

Anotia / Microtia

Eye Anophthalmia and Microphthalmia, Congenital Cataract
Gastrointestinal Biliary Atresia, Esophageal Atresia/Tracheoesophageal Fistula, Hirschsprung Disease, Rectal and Large Intestinal Atresia/Stenosis, Small Intestinal Atresia/Stenosis
Genitourinary Bladder Exstrophy, Cloacal Extrophy, Congenital Posterior Urethral Valves, Hypospadias, Obstructive Genitourinary Defects, Renal Agenesis/Hypoplasia
Musculoskeletal Congenital Hip Dislocation, Clubfoot, Craniosynostosis, Diaphragmatic Hernia, Gastroschisis, Omphalocele, Limb Deficiencies (Reduction Defects)
Orofacial Choanal Atresia, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate