Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (Includes SIDS and Sleep-Related Infant Deaths) and Safe Sleep - Infant Mortality Reduction Initiative

Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (Includes SIDS and Sleep-Related Infant Deaths) and Safe Sleep

Photo of baby

Annually, 50 or more otherwise healthy Minnesota babies die of sleep-related unintentional injuries while sleeping in unsafe conditions such as in an adult bed or on a sofa with parents or older children. Babies become tangled in bedding, get stuck under pillows, or trapped between a sleeping adult and cushions of a sofa or recliner. Sometimes their own sleeping parents roll over on them unintentionally, causing death from suffocation and chest compression.

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all infants sleep on their backs in their own safety-approved crib and in a smoke-free environment to reduce the risk both of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and these tragic preventable injury deaths.

On this page:
Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
Cradle of Hope
American Indian/Alaskan Native Community
Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Reporting Form (SUIDIRF)
Safe to Sleep Materials
Tummy Time Flyer
Minnesota Laws

Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID) and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Cradle of Hope

Cradle of Hope is a non-profit organization which provides financial assistance to mothers who need immediate help with maternity-related expenses such as portable cribs.

Logo of native baby sleeping.American Indian/Alaskan Native Community

AI/AN infants have the highest rates of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the United States and are nearly three times more likely to die of SIDS than White infants.

Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Reporting Form (SUIDIRF)

Effective September 1, 2014, the Sudden Unexplained Infant Death Reporting Form (SUIDIRF) replaces the 2002 Minnesota Infant Death Investigation Guidelines, developed to investigate sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUID) in Minnesota. The SUIDIRF is a death scene investigation form developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to standardize death scene investigations of sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUID) in states and local jurisdictions. The forms were also designed to help investigators better determine the cause and manner of infant deaths so that appropriate interventions may be developed to prevent future infant deaths.

The SUIDIRF must be completed whenever a sudden unexpected infant death is being investigated in Minnesota. The forms, training materials, and a link with instructions on how to complete the forms may be downloaded from (1) the CDC's website or (2) the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension’s (BCA) Criminal Justice Training & Education webpage.

Safe to Sleep Materials

Tummy Time Flyer

Tummy Time Flyer - English Back To Sleep and Tummy To Play: Babies should be on their backs for sleep, but should spend some time on their tummies when awake - English (PDF).

Minnesota Laws