Minnesota Guidelines for Medication Administration in Schools - May 2005

(Updated: September 2005)

Maternal and Child Health Section graphic of an outline of a parent with a child in the middle of the outline of Minnesota.

Support from the Literature with Selected Annotations for the Minnesota Medication Administration Guidelines for Schools.

Jancin, B. (1999). Bipolar Disorder in Youths: Lithium Still 1st Choice. Source: American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 1999. Denver Bureau.

JAMA calls for rules on supplements, Journal editors say dietary aids should be regulated by
FDA. (3-10-2003). Associated Press. Retrieved 3-16-2003 from

Johnson, P., Hayes, J., Farkas, V., Simmons, S., & Benson, J. (2001). Medication use in public schools. ASHP Midyear Clinical Meeting, 36, ASC-2.

Johnson, P.E. (Ed.). (2003). Medication use in schools, Florida edition. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Society of Health-System Pharmacists.

Joint Committee on National Health Education Standards. (1997). National Health Education Standards: Achieving Health Literacy. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society, Inc.

Jones, S.E. & Wheeler L. (July 2004). Asthma Inhalers in Schools: Rights of Students with Asthma to a Free Appropriate Education. American Journal of Public Health. 94, 7: 1102-1108.

Jones, S. (2001). Help the medicine go down. guidelines for school staff in Great Britain. The Times Educational Supplement, 25-7.

This article originated in England, so it was difficult to assess its relevancy to the U.S. system. It dealt primarily with the legal issues surrounding who is responsible for administering medications.

Children wit medical conditions have a right to partake fully in school life. Policies must be in place regarding who will give medications and how the who staff will handle emergency situations. The article advises that all school staff should have awarreness of the most common conditions needing medical attention. There was discussion about whether the duty of the “medication giver” was voluntary or contractual and whether the giver is supported with insurance in case there is a lawsuit regarding the medication administration.

Jones, S., Brener, N., & McManus, T. (2003). Prevalence of school policies, programs, and facilities that promote a healthy physical school environment. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1570-1575.

Jordan, D. & and Allshouse, C. (2003). Plan ahead for your child’s medicine at school.
Pacesetter, 26, 12.

Josten, L., Smoot, C., & Beckley, S. (1995). Delegation to assistive personnel by school nurses - one state's experience. Journal of School Nursing 11, 8-16.

The findings from research conducted with use of a questionnaire demonstrated the challenges faced by school nurses in promoting health and safety when the school situation or student’s condition warranted that the nurse delegate tasks to assistive personnel. Approximately one-fourth of nurses did not have delegation training. Training should be student-specific and the trainer should be technically competent as well as competent as a teacher. Competency of the assistive personnel, the nature or complexity of the procedure, the student’s condition, and the availability of the nurse to supervise are important factors to consider before delegating. The National Council of State Boards of Nursing, the American Nurses Association, and the Minnesota Nurse Practice Act indicate that the nurse is responsible for the decision to delegate a task.


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