Minnesota Guidelines for Medication Administration in Schools - May 2005
(Updated: September 2005)
Support from the Literature with Selected Annotations for the Minnesota Medication Administration Guidelines for Schools.
Pathfinder Family Center (North Dakota). A parent and educators guide to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Retrieved from http://www.pathfinder.minot.com/index2.html.
The article defined Section 504 and 504 Plans and how they applied to persons with disabilities. Section 504 protects the civil and constitutional rights of persons with disabilities. It defines disability as a mental or physical impairment that substantially limits one or more of a person’s major life activities. The article explained eligibility, services, accommodations, district responsibilities, the role of a 504 coordinator, and parent/student rights relating to students with disabilities.
Pattishall, E. (November 10, 2001). Presentation handouts: Evidence Based Medicine. American School Health Association Annual Conference (2001). Contact pattishalle@MHS-PA.org.
Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare. (n.d.). Medication administration training curriculum. Retrieved August 19, 2002, from http://www.dpw.state.pa.us/child/adoptionfostercare/003670955.htm.
Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare. (2002). Medication administration: A system of best practice: Resources for policy and procedures development and staff training. Harrisburg: Department of Public Welfare.
Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare. (2002). Medication Administration: A system of best practice: Users’ guide. Harrisburg: Department of Public Welfare.
Pennsylvania Nurse Practice Act, PL 409, No. 109. (n.d.). Retrieved
July 26, 2004, from
Peraino, R.A. (February 12, 2002). Avoiding Medication errors and Minimizing adverse drug events – one small step. Healthcare Review.
Performance of selected nursing procedures in school settings. (n.d.). Retrieved 3-2-2004 from http://www.ksbn.org/npa/pages/60-15-101.doc.
Perry, C. & Toole K. (September 2000). Impact of School Nurse Case Management on Asthma Control in School-Aged Children. Journal of School Health, 70, 7: 303-304.
Persaud D., Barnett S., Weller S., C., Baldwin C., Niebuhr, V., & McCormick D. (1996). An asthma self-management program for children, including instruction in peak flow monitoring by school nurses. Journal of Asthma, 33, 37-43.
This excellent article described a study of in-school asthma programs for grade-school children with moderate to severe asthma to see if the patients had more self-knowledge/self-care with school nurse intervention/education. The article did not specifically discuss the use of medications and the nurses’ role in providing medications in school settings. It did, however, show that education of children is very useful in treatment of the disease and improvement in outcomes of the disease.
A control group and educated group showed that the group of people with asthma that had one-on-one training with nurses were able to control their anxiety when an attack occurred, and nurses were able to provide care quicker to those in the intervention group vs. the control group.
Pharmacy Community Care Liaison Group. (1997). Medicines in schools: Implementing good practice in mainstream schools - a guide for pharmacists. Pharmaceutical Journal 258, 69-72.
This was a British article about the British system for medication administration in schools. It covered how medication should be labeled, the responsibilities of parents, school nurses, doctors, local education authorities, and school staff members. It briefly described how to handle out-of-school activities, clubs/sports, and travel to and from school. It specifically addressed recommendations for inhaler use, analgesics, non-prescribed medications, emergency medications, epinephrine, rectal diazepam, and glucose. Lastly it discussed appropriate record keeping by schools and staff, education, and training.
Philip E. Johnson, P., Hayes, J., Reinstein, V., Simmons, S., & Benson, J. (2003). Medication use in schools: Resource manual, Florida edition. Tallahassee: Florida Society of Health System Pharmacists.
Poulton, B. (1991). School nurses should be able to dispense lotion for head lice. Nursing Times, 87, 12.
This fairly short editorial was written in support of nurses in English schools being able to dispense head lice lotion to children and their parents. Head lice products are prescription items in the United Kingdom. The writer made the argument that while school nurses educated parents regarding head lice and head inspection, they should also be able to dispense head lice lotion accordingly.
Price, J., Dake, J., Murnan, J., & Telljohann, S. (2003). Elementary school secretaries' experiences and perceptions of administering prescription medication. Journal of School Health 73, 373-379.
Promoting Safe Responses: A Partnership/Shared Responsibility Model for Emergency Mediation Management In the School Setting (Working Draft). (2004). Minneapolis: School Nurse Organization of Minnesota, Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Board of Nursing.
Putnam, D. (December 3, 1996). No Drug Is Safe When It’s Taken To School. The Plain Dealer, Editorials & Forum; 8B.