Minnesota Guidelines for Medication Administration in Schools - May 2005

(Updated: September 2005)

Maternal and Child Health Section graphic of an outline of a parent with a child in the middle of the outline of Minnesota.



Support from the Literature with Selected Annotations for the Minnesota Medication Administration Guidelines for Schools.

Wachusett Regional School District. (2003). Health support staff job description.

Wallis, E. (1995). Administering medicines in schools: Great Britain. Child Education, 72, 64.

Walson, P., Galletta, G., Chomilo, F. Braden, N., Sawyer, L., and Scheinbaum, M. (May 1992).
Comparison of Mutidose Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen Therapy in Febrile Children. AJDC. 146: 626-632.

Washington Department of Public Instruction, Learning and Teaching Support. (June 8, 2001). Medication administration in the schools, Butlletin No 34-01. Deattle, WA: Author.

Wegrzyn, A. (2001). Food-Allergic Reactions Common in Schools, Preparedness Lacking. (2001). Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 155: 790-795.

West Chester Area School District Health Services. (n.d.). Retrieved June 13, 2002, from http://staff.wcasd.k12.pa.us/administration/healthservices/default.htm.

West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses. (2002). West Virginia nursing code and legislative rules. Charleston: State of West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses.

West Virginia Board of Examiners for Registered Professional Nurses. (2001). RN Newsletter, 39.

West Virginia Department of Education. (2001). Basic and specialized health care procedure manual for West Virginia public schools. Charleston: West Virginia Department of Education.

West Virginia Department of Education. (n.d.). The Americans with Disabilities Act: A Brief Overview. Retrieved December 19, 2001, from http://janweb.icdi.w.vu.edu/kinder/overview.htm.

What legal issues do today's school nurses face? Interview with N. Schwab. (2001). Curriculum Review, 40, 14-15.

This article is a question-and-answer interview with Nadine Schwab. It addresses liability issues that school nurses might face, parental expectations, medications and legal concerns with medication issues, etc.

Wheeler, L. (2004). Guidance for health care providers who prescribe life-saving medications for student with asthma or allergies to self-carry and administer at school. 1-3. Retrieved from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/lung/.

White, J. & Weldage, G. (1995). Community Collaboration: If it Is Such a Good Idea, Why Is It So Hard To Do? Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17, 23-38.

This article showed how the effort to build formal collaboration structures among public and private organizations has problems. There was a gap between intent and reality partially because of miscommunication, lack of confidence between involved partners, failure to respond to requests for information, and mistrust. This was a case for decentralization rather than coordination.

Wiley, D., James, G., Jonas, J., & Crosman, E. Comprehensive School Health Programs in Texas Public Schools. Journal of School Health 61, 421-425.

This article described results of a 1990 survey completed in seven Texas school districts about levels of implementation of coordinated school health programs. Areas that were specifically identified and discussed in relation to coordinated school health were: school environment, health instruction, physical education instruction, school health services, guidance and counseling, school food services, employee wellness, and school and community cooperation. The study examined whether or not schools were set up to provide for physical, mental, and nutritional health needs through comprehensive health programs; generally they were not.

Williams, R.D. (May 1996). How to Give Medicine to Children. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved June 12, 2002, from http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/196_kid.html.

Wingert, P. (2000). No more 'afternoon nasties'. A new rival of Ritalin keeps kids out of the nurse's office. Newsweek, 136, 59.

This article compared and contrasted Ritalin, the traditional stimulant therapy for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), with Concerta, its new competitor. This new extended-release medication had the promise to reduce side effects and swings from medication wearing off mid-day. This would increase its effectiveness for school children.

Winslow, R. (September 3, 2002). Study says splitting pills usually safe. Retrieved September 4, 2002, from http://www.twincities.com/mid/pioneerpress/living/health/3978878.htm.

Wisconsin Association of School Boards. (2001). Updated Wisconsin School Laws.

Wisconsin Association of School Boards. (1998). Updated Wisconsin School Laws.

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction. (2004). School nursing and health services: A resource and planning guide. Milwaukee: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.

Wold, S..J. (1981). School Nursing: A framework for practice. Sunrise River Press, North Branch, MN.

Wolf, Z. (2001). Understanding medication errors. Nursing Spectrum (Metro Edition), 29-34.

This article presented information on errors in administering medications. There was discussion of the pros and cons of error reporting and how punishing the individual who made the mistakes does not reduce the incidents; it just reduces the number of reported errors. The article also presented common sources of errors and prevention strategies for schools to consider.

Woolf, A.D. (July 2003). Herbal Remedies and Children: Do they work? Are they harmful? Pediatrics. 112, 1: 240-246.

This article presents and overview and definition of herbal medications. It discuss the toxicity of some herbs, it give a history of the origins of herbals and provides principles for clinicians to keep in mind when addressing the use of herbal medicines.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (n.d.). Chapter 1: General provisions. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (n.d.). Chapter 2: Licensure requirements for registered professional nurses and licensed practical nurses and certification requirements for nursing assistants/nurse aids. Retrieved August 21, 2002 from, http://nursing.state.wy.us/

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (n.d.). Chapter 3: Standards of nursing practice. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (n.d.). Chapter 6: Standards for nursing education programs. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (n.d.). Chapter 7: Certified nursing assistant/nurse aid. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (n.d.). Chapter 8: Practice and procedure. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (2002). Advisory opinion: Delegation of medication administration - RN. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (2001). Nursing scope of practice decisions and decision-making. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/pubopin/opin/nspdp.htm.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1999). Advisory opinion: Administering medications ordered by a herbalist - RN. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1999). Advisory opinion: Assistance with self-administration of medications - CNA. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1999). Assistance with medication self administration. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/pubopin/opin/drgsao.htm.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1999). Board policy regarding scope of practice questions. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/pubopin/opin/spio.htm.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1999). Standards for delegation of basic nursing tasks and skills. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/pubopin/opin/delegato.htm.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1997). Advisory opinion: Delegation - CNA. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1990). Advisory opinion: Bolus administration of medication - RN. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1988). Advisory opinion: Adjusting sliding scale dosages for PRN medications - RN. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

Wyoming State Board of Nursing. (1988). Advisory opinion: OTC drug administration by school nurses - RN. Retrieved August 21, 2002, from http://nursing.state.wy.us/.

 

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