Observation Grid - Developmental and Social-Emotional Screening

Developmental and social-emotional screening of young children (0-5 years of age) in Minnesota

Observational Instruments

Printer-Friendly Version (PDF)

Developmental Screening Observational Instruments
Tool Battelle Developmental Inventory - 2nd ed. (BDI-2)

Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development: 3rd ed. (Bayley III) Screening Test

Brigance Early Childhood Screens III

Developmental Indicators for Assessment of Learning – 4th ed. (DIAL – 4)

Early Screening Inventory - Revised (ESI-R)

Minneapolis Preschool Screening Instrument-Revised

Purpose Screening, diagnosis, and evaluation of early development Examine all facets of a young child's development “To identify quickly and accurately those who may have developmental problems such as language impairments, learning disabilities, and to identify children with advanced development or giftedness. “An individually administered developmental screener designed to identify children ages 2:6 through 5:11 who are in need of intervention or diagnostic assessment.” “A brief developmental screening instrument that identifies children who may need special education services in order to perform successfully in school.” “A brief screener used to identify students with early developmental problems who may be in need of early childhood special education services.”

Developmental Areas or Methods

Personal-social, adaptive, motor, communication, cognitive Cognitive, Language, and Motor Scales Receptive Language Development, Expressive Language Development, Fine-Motor Skills, Gross-Motor Skills, Self-help Skills and Social-Emotional Skills Motor, Concepts, Language, Self-Help, Social-emotional Visual Motor-Adaptive, Language and Cognition, Gross Motor areas Fine motor, gross motor, language, cognitive

*Behavior/social-emotional sections found in MPSI-R are not approved; an approved social-emotional screening instrument must be used.
Age span targeted by tool Birth to 7 yeas 11 months 1 to 42 months 0 to 35 months, 3 to 5 years, kindergarten and 1st grade 2 years, 6 months to 5 years 11 months Ages 3 to 5 years 11 months.

ESI-P: ages 3 to 4.5 years

ESI-K: ages 4.5 to 6 years
3 to 6 years
Cultural, ethnic, linguistic sensitivity Available in English and Spanish.

Written at 6th grade reading level
Available in English. Available in English and Spanish. Available in Spanish and English. Test materials are available in Spanish (IDT-P and IDT-K, IDT-R). Spanish version slightly more difficult at each level, so cutoff scores adjusted. Available in English, Spanish, Somali, and Hmong.

Test was normed on 1294 English speakers (ENG) and 207 Non English speakers (ELL) from preschool children screened in the 2003-04 school year in MPS and participating metro screening programs
Reliability Internal consistency: 0.78 - 0.96

Interrater: 0.97 - 0.99
Internal consistency: 0.86 - 0.93

Internal consistency: 0.94 - 0.98
Test-retest: 0.92 - 0.99

Inter-rater: 0.93 - 0.96
Internal consistency: 0.83 - 0.95

Test-retest: 0.80
Internal consistency: 0.79 (English), 0.73 (Spanish)

Inter-rater: 0.97 - .99

Test-retest: 0.72 (ESI-K)
Internal Consistency: MPSI-R-ENG: 0.90

MPSI-R-ELL: 0.91

Test-retest and inter/intra-rater reliability unknown
Validity Extensive validity studies, see technical manual for more information Extensive validity studies, see technical manual for more information.

Concurrent validity: 0.51-0.99

Convergent validity: 0.26 - 0.68
Construct validity: sufficient across measures; see manual for more information. Predictive validity: .72 (ESI-P), .75 (ESI-K). Concurrent validity: MPSI-R-ENG: 0.76 with ESI-R

With BDI: 3 years: 0.51 4 years: 0.68

MPSI-R-ELL: 0.67 with ESI-R

Predictive validity with MPS Beginning of Kindergarten Assessment (BKA) Total score vs. BKA composite = 0.69 (time between administration of MPSI-R and BKA unknown)


Sensitivity: 72-93%

Specificity: 79-88%
Extensive sensitivity studies; see technical manual for more information

Specificity 0.77 - 1.00

Sensitivity: 81%-93%

Specificity: 86%-94%
Sensitivity: 67-87%

Specificity: 73-91%
Sensitivity: 93%

Specificity: 80%
Sensitivity: 71-83%

Specificity: 89-93%
Practicality (time to administer and score, ease of administration) 10-30 minutes to administer.

15-30 minutes to score.
15-25 minutes to administer. 10-15 minutes to administer.

2 minutes to score.
30-45 minutes to administer.

10-15 minutes to score.
15-20 minutes to administer 15 minutes to score. Administration: 12-15 min

Scoring: 2-5 min
Minimum expertise for screeners and scorers One day of training, knowledge, and skills related to child development: early childhood education, employment testing, education, career counseling and healthcare setting. All scorers should have a minimum of a bachelor's degree and attend a 5-day training program. Those involved with administering the Screens should have experience and background in child development. Consult manual prior to screening and scoring. Trained professional or paraprofessional who demonstrates competence in administering and scoring one DIAL-4 performance area and the ability to relate to young children of any linguistic or cultural background. Formal background in early childhood assessment, or supervision by person with such qualifications, is recommended. Can be done by educational assistant/ paraprofessional

ELL forms need a trained interpreter to work with administrator

Training required from MPS: 3 hours to train a trainer and 1.5 hours to train administrators
Online or Electronic Component eKit is available that does not require internet None Online scoring available Online scoring and reporting is available None None
Cost (costs change over time; contact publisher for current cost) BDI-2 Screener Test with Examiners Manual and Screener Manipulatives $371.50 $220 per complete kit, $62 per test manual, $47.75 per 25 test record forms

Complete Assessment (0-35 months or 3-5 years) kits $529.00

Refer to publisher’s website for other products and updated pricing
$649 per complete kit, $35 - $88 for material refills, training DVD is available for $110.25, $1.00 for 1 online usage $146.50 per ESI-P Kit Ages 3-4 1/2 and ESI-K Kit Ages 4 1/2-6, $35.25 per 30 score sheets $65.00 for kit
Publisher Riverside Publishing

Pearson Assessments Curriculum Associates, Inc. Pearson Assessments Pearson Assessments

Minneapolis Public Schools