Healthy Communities Count!
Having a good job can provide a sense of security and improve quality of life. Often a good job will give access to health care and medical insurance. On the other hand, not having a job can have many negative impacts, including impacts on health. The number of people with jobs is considered to be a sign of the overall quality of life in a community.
Employment and Health
Like education and income, employment can influence personal and community health. While we usually think of a disease, injury, or chemical as causing a health problem, a person’s or family’s employment can indirectly affect their health. Employment, more education, and higher incomes are all closely linked to improved health.
People who don’t have a job often say that they are in poor health and have more health symptoms but do not seem to have more severe illnesses. Some studies find higher death rates for people who don’t have a job.
What the Map Shows
MDH used 2000 U.S. Census data to find the number of people in a specific area (Census block groups) who did not have a job. People who were looking for a job but stopped looking are not included in this number. The number of people without a job was divided by the total number of people for that specific area. Only people who are older than 16, who are not in the military and are looking for a job were included in these groups.
In 2000, the percentage of people without a job in the Central Corridor was 8.4%. This number may be elevated due to the University of Minnesota, where many full-time students presumably do not work. The percentage of people without a job in Minnesota was 4.1%, and in the Twin Cities it was 3.7%.(Click on the map for a larger image.)
The U.S. Census data used for this evaluation are ten years old, and much has changed economically since the year 2000. However, it is the only source of information available at the level of detail needed. A further limitation is that the information does not account for seasonal trends in employment. Census data also do not provide information on where people are working, so employment within the Central Corridor is not described. It remains, however, a useful tool for showing differences between the Central Corridor and the Twin Cities as a whole.
Printable information sheet, with map: Employment (PDF: 250KB/2 pages)
Click on the map below for a larger image