Minnesota Clean Indoor Air Act (MCIAA) Public Transportation
The Freedom to Breathe (FTB) provisions amended the Minnesota Clean Indoor Air Act (MCIAA) to further protect employees and the public from the health hazards of secondhand smoke. The FTB amendments became effective October 1, 2007.
The MCIAA describes where smoking is prohibited, outlines the responsibilities of employers, managers and other persons in charge and lists exemptions that affect their workplaces and facilities.
Definition of "Smoking"
“Smoking” means inhaling or exhaling smoke from any lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe, or any other lighted tobacco product or plant product. Smoking also includes carrying a lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe or any other lighted tobacco or plant product intended for inhalation.
Definition of "Indoor Area"
“Indoor Area” means all space between a floor and a ceiling that is bounded by walls, doorways, or windows, whether open or closed, covering more than 50 percent of the combined surface area of the vertical planes [wall space] constituting the perimeter of the area. A wall includes any retractable divider, garage door, or other physical barrier, whether temporary or permanent. A [standard] window screen is not a wall.
No smoking in transit terminals
Smoking is not allowed in indoor areas of public transportation terminals and indoor areas of bus and transit stops.
No smoking in public transportation vehicles
Employers, managers and other persons in charge cannot permit employees or the general public to smoke in public transportation vehicles when passengers are present. "Public transportation" includes vehicles such as: light and commuter rail, buses, taxis, vans, limousines, and other for hire- vehicles, but does not include except rental vehicles.
Private smoking in drivers
Drivers of public transportation vehicles may smoke when the vehicle is being used for personal use. “Personal use" means that the vehicle is being used by the driver for private purposes and no for-hire passengers are present. If a driver smokes in a public transportation vehicle when passengers are not present, the driver must post a conspicuous sign inside the vehicle notifying passengers that smoking occurs when the vehicle is being privately used.
Responsibilities of proprietors
Employers and facility managers continue to play an important role in controlling smoking in their place of business. In general, they are required to:
- Make reasonable efforts to prevent indoor smoking
- Post “No Smoking” signs
- Ask persons who smoke in prohibited areas to refrain from smoking and to leave if they refuse to do so
- Use lawful methods consistent with handling disorderly persons or trespassers for any person who refuses to comply after being asked to leave the premises
- Refrain from providing ashtrays and other smoking equipment
- Refuse to serve non-compliant persons
The MCIAA does not regulate outdoor smoking, regardless of distance from building openings such as doors and windows.
Compliance and enforcement
MDH has compliance authority over the MCIAA and may delegate compliance activities to local units of government. MDH, a local board of health or any affected person can request a court order directing a repeat MCIAA violator to stop.
In addition to the compliance authority provided to MDH and local units of government, local law enforcement has the authority to issue petty misdemeanor citations to proprietors or individuals who knowingly fail to comply with the MCIAA.
Local government ordinances
Local governments retain the authority to adopt and enforce more stringent measures to protect individuals from secondhand smoke.
An employer, manager or other person in charge cannot fire, refuse to hire, penalize, discriminate or retaliate against an employee, applicant, or customer who exercises any right to a smoke-free environment provided under the MCIAA.