Lead Poisoning Prevention

2010 Childhood Lead Poisoning Elimination Plan

The 2010 Childhood Lead Poisoning Elimination Plan was released in June 2004. This plan is designed to collaboratively create a lead-safe Minnesota where no children have elevated blood lead levels by the year 2010. It is the result of the hard work and dedication of the Advisory Work Group, whose attention to detail and willingness to examine the complex and diverse issues underlying childhood lead poisoning has led to a comprehensive approach to eliminate lead as a pediatric health threat in Minnesota. Historically MDH has been involved in efforts to enhance the early identification of children who have been exposed to lead, and to increase and improve the follow-up services these children need. Although these secondary prevention activities will retain a vital role in the 2010 Elimination Plan, the main focus of the plan is primary prevention (preventing children from ever being exposed to lead). This will be accomplished through the reduction or elimination of sources of lead in the childhood environment. The 2010 version of the Plan begins to address the transition of Lead Programs to Healthy Homes approaches.

2010 Plans:

2010 Progress Reports

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Blood Lead Testing Methods Report to the Legislature (February 2008)

The 2007 Legislature directed MDH to conduct a study to evaluate blood lead testing methods used to confirm elevated blood lead status. This report is the response to that legislative directive. Specifically, it contains an examination of the false positive rate of capillary tests for children who are younger than 72 months old, current protocols for conducting capillary testing, including filter paper methodology, and existing guidelines and regulations from other states and federal agencies regarding lead testing. As required, the report also includes recommendations on the use of capillary tests to initiate environmental investigations and case management, and reducing the state mandatory intervention level to ten micrograms of lead per deciliter (μg/dL) of whole blood.

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Elevated Blood Lead Levels in the Minnesota Medicaid Population

These reports present the results of a joint effort between the Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS) and the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) to examine the lead testing and elevated blood lead level rates for Minnesota children. This project, known as the Minnesota Lead Data Match Project, links MDH Blood Lead Surveillance System data with DHS data for children under age 6 enrolled in Minnesota’s Medicaid programs (referred to here as Minnesota Health Care Programs, or MHCP).

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Minnesota's Lead Poisoning Prevention Programs: Report to the Legislature (February 2011)

This report provides a brief overview of public health concerns associated with lead exposure, documents activities related to characterizing and preventing lead poisoning by the Minnesota Department of Health, presents the status of current funding sources, and evaluates likely future directions for state-level lead programs.

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Surveillance Database Reports

These reports are an overview of the blood lead testing data on Minnesota residents as reported to the Minnesota Department of Health. The MDH maintains an extensive blood lead surveillance system for the purpose of monitoring trends in blood lead levels in adults and children in Minnesota. The data are used to help identify populations at risk for elevated blood lead levels. The surveillance system then uses this information to help ensure that screening services are provided to groups identified as having the highest risk of lead poisoning and that environmental and medical follow up is provided to children with elevated blood lead levels. The following reports are in PDF format.

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Childhood Blood Lead Clinical Treatment Guidelines Revision

In response to concerns over the effects of low-level lead exposure in children, the 2009-2010 Legislature directed MDH to revise clinical and case management guidelines to include recommendations for protective health actions and follow-up services when a child’s blood lead level (BLL) exceeds 5 µg/dL. New guidelines for BLLs between 5 and 9.9 µg/dL included a recommendation for a confirmatory venous test within 3 months to ensure that medical management is targeted only to those cases with confirmed lead exposure above 5µg/dL. The final format of the guidelines is the result of a compromise between concerns over low-level lead exposure and concerns over the best use of limited health care resources.

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Minnesota Public Health Data Access

Find data about public health and risk factors that impact public health at Minnesota Public Health Data Access, a web-based data access portal. The portal includes data on childhood lead poisoning and other issues that affect public health in Minnesota.

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Updated Tuesday, September 23, 2014 at 08:48AM