Well Management
Protective Manhole Covers for At-Grade Wells

Monitoring wells, cased environmental bore holes, and remedial wells may be completed at-grade only on a roadway, sidewalk, driveway, or a parking area, and only if there is no location that would allow for termination of the well casing at least 12 inches above the established ground surface. A well or boring that is completed at-grade must comply with Minnesota Rules, part 4725.6850, which requires that:

  • The location of the well or boring identified by unique well number must be marked on a scaled map with angles and directions from surveyed property corners, a permanent benchmark, or the corners of a permanent structure. The map must be submitted to the commissioner with the well record.
  • At-grade well casing must terminate no lower than the established ground surface.
  • The well must be contained in a protective manhole cover or vault. The top of the manhole cover or vault must be no less than two inches above the established ground surface.
  • The established ground surface must be sloped to divert surface water or spills away from the well and to allow for traffic movement and snow plowing.
  • The manhole cover or vault must be installed in a concrete pad at least four inches in thickness and four feet square or four feet in diameter and of sufficient load-bearing capacity to support vehicular traffic.
  • The manhole cover or vault must be labeled with the words "Monitoring Well" cast or stamped in letters at least one centimeter or one-half inch in height.
  • All materials used to construct the manhole cover or vault must be resistant and impervious to water, petroleum products, and chemicals likely to be present.
  • The manhole cover or vault must have a watertight, impervious compression O-ring or gasket.
  • The manhole cover or vault must meet AASHTO Standards H20-44 and M306-04.
  • The well casing must be secured with a locking cap or cover according to part 4725.2250, subpart 17. The manhole cover or vault must be secured with a lock or tamper-resistant bolts.
  • The well label must be placed on the well casing, manhole cover, or vault, or the unique well number may be stamped on the vault.

Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) has prepared the following list of approved manhole covers:

The MDH List of Manhole Covers. (PDF: 36KB/1 page)

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Questions?
Contact the MDH Well Management Section
651-201-4600 or 800-383-9808
health.wells@state.mn.us

Minnesota Department of Health
Updated Friday, 21-Dec-2012 08:32:14 CST