Hearing Screening E-Learning Course
Importance of Hearing Screening
- Hearing loss affects language acquisition, speech, learning and psychosocial wellbeing.
- The critical time to stimulate and develop auditory nerve pathways is birth to 6 months of age.
- Auditory input stimulates language pathways. The critical time to acquire language is in the first 3 years of life. Children with all degrees of hearing loss who receive appropriate intervention prior to six months of age can attain speech and language skills 20 to 40 percent higher than those who receive intervention later, and comparable to their normally hearing peers (JCIH, 2007).
- The 3/1000 prevalence of permanent hearing loss in infants is estimated to increase to 9-10/1000 children in the school-age population (White, 2010).
- A child with a hearing loss is at a greater risk for academic deficits. In school, students must be able to listen in a noisy environment, pay attention, concentrate, and interpret information. Unidentified hearing loss in the school population is associated with impairments in speech, perception and social functioning, and difficulties in attention span and learning (AAA, 2011).
- Studies in the 1990's before universal early identification was instituted found half of children with hearing loss graduated from high school with a median 4th grade reading level (Traxler, 2000).
- Thirty-seven percent of children with unilateral (in one ear) or mild hearing loss (21dB-40dB) have had to repeat at least one grade in school (AAA, 2011).
- If hearing loss is not detected early, costs for children's special education services are increased. The 2007 calculated lifetime educational cost of hearing loss greater than 40 dB permanent loss, without other disabilities, was $115,600 per child (CDC, 2012). Newborn hearing screening reduces special education costs by an estimated 36% per child with early identification, diagnosis and intervention for infants with permanent hearing loss (AAA, 2011).
To learn more, refer to Degree And Effects Of Hearing Loss.
Note: You must answer the following question to continue with the course.