Information Bulletin 04-07
Independent Informal Dispute Resolution Process for
Nursing Facilities and Skilled Nursing Facilities
Introduction and Background:
Federal law requires the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and each state to develop an Informal Dispute Resolution Process (IDR) under 42 CFR 488.331. An informal dispute process is available under Minnesota Statutes Section 144A.10, subdivision 15. The process created by Section 144A.10, subdivision 15, remains available to facilities that do not elect to use the alternative IIDR process described below.
It is the goal of the MDH to assure that deficiencies are accurate at the time they are officially sent to the facility. If the facility is aware of information that could negate or modify a deficiency after the exit, this information must be sent to the survey team supervisor or the director of the Office of Health Facility Complaints within 48 hours of the exit. In the case of deficiencies issued by OHFC, the exit is the date on which the investigator notifies the facility administration that a deficiency will be issued.
It is the goal of the MDH to have an IDR process that is fair, straightforward, and efficiently conducted. The MDH takes seriously and is aware that some providers fear retribution or retaliation if they use the IDR process. If you have concerns that retribution or retaliation may be occurring, please submit specific examples to division supervisory or management staff.
Any IDR process will not delay the formal imposition of remedies nor delay the requirement for the timely submission of a plan of correction.
Any IDR process is intended to review the accuracy of the issued deficiency. If the facility has other concerns about the survey process, we request that those concerns be addressed to the management or supervisory staff in the Facility and Provider Compliance Division.
What is the New IIDR Process?
An alternative review process called the Independent Informal Dispute Resolution Process (IIDR) for survey disputes effective July 1, 2003 is available under Minnesota Statutes Section 144A.10, subdivision 16. It provides for a review by an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) from the Office of Administrative Hearings (OAH) of facility information to support its dispute of any deficiency issued during a standard survey or an Office of Health Facility Complaints investigation. The statute specifies that the findings of the ALJ will not be binding on the Minnesota Department of Health, meaning that the Department will continue to issue the final decisions in disputed cases. Decisions made by the Department shall be in accordance with federal regulations and procedures. Final decisions of the Minnesota Department of Health are not binding on the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
At the time of submission of an informal dispute resolution, the facility will need to select whether the current IDR process is requested or whether the facility is requesting a review under the IIDR. The facility decision is final.
How to request an IIDR:
All requests for an IIDR if federal deficiencies must also be submitted via the web: http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/fpc/profinfo/ltc/ltc_idr.cfm
You must notify MDH at the website above of your request for an IDR within the 10 calendar day period allotted for submitting an acceptable plan of correction.
Supporting documentation for the IIDR must be mailed within 10 calendar days to:
Nursing Home Informal Dispute Process
Minnesota Department of Health
Compliance Monitoring Division
P.O. Box 64900
St. Paul, MN 55164-0900
Facility Responsibility in the IIDR Process:
- Mail the IIDR supporting information to the above address no later then ten (10) calendar days of facility receipt of the final statement of deficiencies on the CMS form 2567.
- List in writing each deficiency the facility disputes.
- State whether the review will be conducted in writing, by telephone, or in person. Give dates when the facility is not able to participate in the review.
- State if the facility has an attorney, and the estimated number of persons that will be attending the review if it will be conducted in person or by telephone. The facility is not required to appear with an attorney, but if it intends to do so, it must indicate that fact in its request so that MDH may also have counsel present if it wishes.
- Attempt to limit the in-person or telephone review meeting to approximately two hours. The in-person reviews will be conducted at the Office of Administrative Hearings in St. Paul, or the Minnesota Department of Health in St. Paul, MN.
- Provide any information it intends to rely upon to MDH no later then ten (10) calendar days after receipt of the notice from the OAH regarding the IIDR and required information exchange.
- Provide the ALJ with any information the facility intends to rely upon in
the review three (3) business days prior to the date of the review.
For any information sent by mail, the date of the postmark must be no later then the time period specified in this bulletin.
- Pay the MDH for the proportion of costs that represent the sum of deficiency citations supported in full or in substance divided by the total number of deficiencies disputed. MDH shall provide an invoice to the facility after the IIDR process is complete.
- Submit an acceptable plan of correction within ten (10) calendar days of receipt of the CMS form 2567.
Responsibilities of the MDH in the IIDR Process:
After the Minnesota Department of Health Department (MDH) receives the facility request for IIDR, the MDH will:
- Inform the facility of their right to request supporting survey documentation through the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C. 552 (FOIA).
- Immediately, but no later than three business days after receipt of the facility request, file the facility request with the OAH by e-mail, fax or mail, requesting the appointment of an ALJ to review the request. MDH will copy the facility on the filed request by regular mail.
- Inform the Office of the Ombudsman for Older Minnesotans that an IDR request has been received.
- Upon receipt of the OAH notice of review, consistent with the requirements of FOIA, provide the facility with surveyor notes, documents, tapes, records relied upon to support the deficiency no later then ten (10) calendar days following the MDH's filing of the IIDR request with OAH. MDH will be responsible to assure that the release of data under this provision conforms to requirements contained in the licensure rules, the provisions of the Data Practices Act, provisions of the Vulnerable Adult Abuse Reporting Act and federal requirements.
- Provide the ALJ with any information MDH intends to rely upon in the review at least three (3) business days prior to the review.
- Within ten (10) calendar days of receipt of the ALJ findings to the MDH, the commissioner will mail a final decision to the facility indicating whether the commissioner will mail a final decision to the facility indicating whether the commissioner accepts or rejects the recommendations of the ALJ.
- Reimburse the OAH for the costs incurred by that office for the IIDR, and invoice the facility for its respective portion of the cost after the close of the proceeding.
- If the facility is successful in the IIDR process, MDH will mark the deficiency “deleted”, sign and date the survey report form; and recommend to CMS the rescission of any enforcement action imposed solely because of that deficiency citation; or adjust the scope and severity assessment, if necessary to reflect the determination of the IIDR and consistent with federal procedures. If changes to the deficiencies would modify findings in any state correction order, the MDH shall modify those orders consistent with the IIDR final decision.
- issue a revised statement of deficiencies within ten (10) days from receipt of the request. Deficiencies pending IIDR will be entered in the Automated Survey Processing Environment (ASPEN) but will not be posted to the Nursing Home Compare website until the IIDR process has been completed. In addition, the MDH will include a notice on the MDH website indicating the deficiencies are being disputed by the facility.
Office of Administrative Hearings Responsibilities:
The Office of Administrative Hearings will:
- Assign an ALJ to conduct the IIDR review upon receipt of the request from MDH.
- Within three business days of receipt of the MDH request for IIDR, send the facility and MDH notice of the date and location of the face-to-face meeting, or the date of the telephone meeting, and the date by which the facility and MDH must have all of their argument and supporting information to the ALJ for consideration.
- Schedule the face-to-face or telephone meeting to occur within twenty (20) calendar days of the date of the notice sent to facility and MDH from OAH.
- Conduct an in-person or telephone review that the parties will attempt to limit to approximately one to two hours in length.
- Issue findings within ten (10) working days of the close of the review and mail the findings to the facility and MDH.
The findings shall be one or more of the following:
- Supported in full. The citation is supported in full, with no deletion of findings and no change in the scope or severity assigned to the deficiency citation.
- Supported by substance. The citation is supported, but one or more findings are deleted without any change in the scope or severity assigned to the deficiency.
- Deficient practice cited under wrong requirement of participation. The citation is amended by moving it to the correct requirement of participation.
- Scope not supported. The citation is amended through a change in the scope assigned to the citation.
- Severity not supported. The citation is amended through a change in the severity assigned to the citation.
- Not deficient practice. The citation is deleted because the findings did support the citation or the negative resident outcome was unavoidable.
The findings of the ALJ are not binding on the commissioner.
Submit your written questions to:
Nursing Home Informal Dispute Process
Minnesota Department of Health
Compliance Monitoring Division
Division P.O. Box 64900
St. Paul, Minnesota 55164-0900
Email us with questions: firstname.lastname@example.org
Updated July 2009.