Diabetes in Minnesota
How many adults in Minnesota have diabetes?
- 2015, 7.6% of Minnesota adults (about 320,000)1 had been diagnosed with diabetes (type 1 or 2).
- Around 18,000 new cases are diagnosed in Minnesota each year (2010)1
- Around 1 in 4 people with diabetes do not know that they have the disease2.
For information about diabetes in the US, please read the National Diabetes Statistics Report 2017.
Are there disparities in diabetes rates in Minnesota?
Disparities happen when the health of a group of people are negatively affected by factors like how much money they earn, their race or ethnicity, or where they live. In Minnesota, we currently collect data specific to two of these factors.
- Education: In 2015, about 5.4 percent1* of adults who have a college degree report having diabetes compared with 8.5 percent1* of adults who do not.
- Income: Health survey data from 2013 through 2015 show that self-reported diabetes rates are higher for people living in households that earn lower incomes1*.
How is Minnesota monitoring diabetes management?
Healthcare providers measure five diabetes goals to monitor how well a patient’s diabetes is controlled. These goals are influenced by a number of different factors: individual factors, community-level factors, and healthcare-related factors. This information is reported as the Optimal Diabetes Care measure. Overall in Minnesota, 53 percent of adults met all five diabetes goals3.
There are disparities in the percentage of people who meet all five diabetes goals. We show some of the disparities observed in 2014 below:
- Race: 31 percent of American Indian or Alaska Native meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 59 percent of Asian adults3.
- Ethnicity: 46 percent of Hispanic or Latino adults meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 54 percent of non-Hispanic adults3.
- Language: 40 percent of adults who prefer to speak Hmong meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 67 percent of adults who prefer to speak Vietnamese3.
- Insurance type: 43 percent of adults receiving health insurance through State of Minnesota programs such as Medical Assistance and MinnesotaCare meet the Optimal Diabetes Care measure as compared to 57 percent of all other adults in Minnesota4.
What are Minnesota's estimated medical costs of diabetes in 2012?
Diabetes increases a person’s risk for a variety of health conditions including high blood pressure, kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, vision problems and nerve problems5. The costs of diabetes include costs for routine medical care and treating these conditions, described below, as well as productivity costs like being unable to work and personal financial and emotional costs6.
- Diagnosed diabetes: $2.3 billion dollars6
- Undiagnosed diabetes: $373 million7 for the estimated 1 in 4 people who have diabetes but do not know it2
- Gestational diabetes can affect pregnancy outcomes and it is associated with increased risk of developing diabetes (new onset-diabetes during pregnancy): $24 million6
For more information
Health Information on diabetes – Find more about diabetes types, risk factors, symptoms and managing your disease.
Diabetes in Minnesota Fact Sheet (PDF) Updated October 2016
If you have questions about diabetes in Minnesota, contact: Renée Kidney (651) 201-5429.
1CDC, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Study
2CDC, National Diabetes Statistics Report 2017
3Minnesota Community Measurement, 2015 Health Equity of Care Report
4Minnesota Community Measurement: 2015 Health Care Disparities Report for Minnesota Health Care Programs
5American Diabetes Association website, Complications (accessed 12/22/2015)
6American Diabetes Association. Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2012. Diabetes Care 36(4):1033-1046.
7Dall, TM et al. 2014 The Economic Burden of Elevated Blood Glucose Levels in 2012: Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, and Prediabetes. Diabetes Care 37(12):3172-9.
*Percentages are unadjusted for other factors