Sudden Unexpected Infant Death in Minnesota
The number of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) cases each year has varied between 2000 and 2016.
- An average of 57 SUID cases happen each year.
- The number of SUID cases peaked in 2008 at 73 cases.
- In 2010, there were only 39 SUID cases.
Between 2010 and 2016, there were more SUID cases seen in October than in any other month.
The likelihood of SUID differs by race/ethnicity.
- American Indians have a significantly higher rate of SUID.
- SUID rates in Minnesota for American Indians are almost four times higher than non-Hispanic whites.
- African American infants are nearly twice as likely to experience SUID compared to non-hispanic white infants.
- Infants with foreign born mothers are less likely to die of SUID compared to U.S. born mothers.
SUID risk factors
Infant age and weight are risk factors for SUID.
- Between 2010 and 2016, 77% of SUID deaths occur between one and six months of age, and 51% of SUID deaths occur between one and three months of age.
- The higher the birthweight, the lower the rate of SUID death.
The sleep setting can have a major impact on SUID risk.
- 93% of SUID cases between 2014 and 2015 had objects or persons in sleep environment
- 54% of SUID cases between 2014 and 2015 happened while the child was sharing a bed.
- 47% of SUID cases between 2010 and 2016 happened while the child slept in an adult bed.
Tobacco, drug and alcohol use can all factor into SUID risk.
- In 46% of all SUID cases between 2014 and 2015 the baby was exposed to tobacco.
- In 20% of all SUID cases between 2014 and 2015 the baby was exposed to alcohol or drugs during pregnancy.
Factors that reduce SUID
There are factors that can reduce a child’s risk of SUID.
- Getting at least six prenatal care visits decreases SUID risk by nearly 70%.1
- Breastfeeding reduces the risk of SUID by 61%.
- Sudden Death in the Young Registry
- Sudden Death in the Young and Sudden Unexpected Infant Death health information.
- Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths and Safe Sleep
For more information
Contact Gloria Mutombo, Epidemiologist, Minnesota Department of Health at 651-201-5492 or Gloria.Mutombo@state.mn.us.
1MDH analysis using Vital records/statistics from 2010-2016