Health Impact Assessment (HIA)
Promoting health in all projects and policies
Our health is affected by decisions made daily in arenas outside of public health, such as in transportation, housing, and education. The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) supports Health Impact Assessments (HIA) as a tool to ensure that health is considered in these and other important decisions. HIA is a systematic process used by organizations and community groups to provide decision-makers with information about how any policy, program or project may affect the health of people. HIA emphasizes a comprehensive approach to health, which includes economic, political, social, psychological, and environmental factors that influence people’s health.
MDH’s HIA initiative focuses on building our collective capacity to evaluate the health effects of projects and policies by the following activities:
- Providing technical assistance: MDH has provided technical assistance to 13 HIAs in Minnesota and in other states, including Delaware and Georgia.
- Providing HIA training: MDH provides HIA training to local communities, organizations, and agencies in Minnesota.
- Facilitating the MN HIA Coalition: The MN HIA Coalition is a diverse group of professionals from government agencies, nonprofit organizations, advocacy groups, health care organizations, and foundations interested in incorporating health into decision-making through HIA.
- Sharing information on HIA: Join our listserv to get the latest news and information on HIA in Minnesota by clicking the “Get Email Updates” link in the upper-right hand menu on this page.
- Performed HIAs: Since 2009, MDH has performed six HIAs on policies/plans, including comprehensive, residential development, and transportation plans. The most recent HIA completed was the 2016 Minnesota Statewide Multimodal Transportation Plan HIA. The HIAs were supported by grants from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Health Impact Project, a collaboration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and The Pew Charitable Trusts.