Tobacco and Nicotine Use in Minnesota: Briefs, Reports, and Statistics
Tobacco NUMBRS (short for Tobacco and Nicotine Use in Minnesota: Briefs, Reports, and Statistics) is an initiative that aims to increase the visibility and accessibility of data on tobacco use in Minnesota. Tobacco NUMBRS features a series of data briefs, among other resources like factsheets and reports, highlighting findings from various surveys of tobacco use, including the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey (MYTS) and Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS), as well as selected results of the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and other data sources.Click to subscribe for updates. We will send you new reports, data briefs, and other resources as they are released.
Teen Vaping Initiation in Minnesota
Minnesota teens are using e-cigarettes and vapes at alarming rates, exposing themselves to the harms of nicotine and risking addiction. In this data brief we use the 2017 MYTS to report e-cigarette initiation prevalence, which teens are trying e-cigarettes, and why initiation is a problem.
Download this brief: Teen Vaping Initiation in Minnesota (PDF)
More Data Briefs
- Tobacco Data (PDF) - Charts and data detailing tobacco-related disparities in Minnesota.
State and County Tobacco Profiles
Click below to view tobacco profiles for each of Minnesota's counties. These profiles show commercial tobacco's toll in each county in one year. They also include local and statewide data on products stores sell, youth tobacco use, and tobacco use during pregnancy.
Cigarette smoking among Minnesota adults has decreased sharply.
- 14.4% (down from 16.1% in 2010) of adult Minnesotans smoke cigarettes.
- Minnesota’s smoking rate is lower than the national average.
- This is a 35% reduction since 1999, and the lowest smoking rate ever recorded in Minnesota.
Menthol cigarette use
- 25.1% percent of smokers smoke menthol cigarettes.
- Women use menthol cigarettes at higher rates than men (29.2% compared to 21.9%).
- Young adults have the highest menthol use rate of any age group (31.6%).
Secondhand smoke exposure
- The vast majority of Minnesotans (89.3 percent) are voluntarily making their homes smoke free. This includes a majority of smokers’ homes (61.4 percent).
- There are reported declines in exposure in the community at large and in cars.
More Minnesotans are making their homes smoke free.
- 17.8% of adults have ever tried e-cigarettes.
- 5.9% (up from 0.7% in 2010) of adults used e-cigarettes at least once in the past 30 days.
- Young adults, ages 18-24, use e-cigarettes at the highest rate of any age group, at 12.8 percent.
- 65.8% of Minnesotans who used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days are current smokers. 22.5% are former smokers. 11.7% have never smoked.
Use of e-cigarettes and other tobacco products is on the rise.
Other tobacco products
- 1.4% (up from 0.7% in 2010) of adults used hookah in the past 30 days.
- Young adults, ages 18-24, use hookah at the highest rate of any age group, at 7.9 percent.
- In 2014, 53.4 percent of current adult Minnesota smokers (307,000 individuals) stopped smoking for one day or longer in an attempt to quit.
- Smokers reported the 2013 tax increase on cigarettes by $1.60/pack influenced their smoking behavior.
- Nearly 63% of smokers who quit reported the price increase helped, and helped keep them from smoking again.
A majority of Minnesotans who smoke want to quit.
Increasing the price of tobacco supports smokers in quitting.
Source: 2014 Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey
Despite declines in overall youth and adult smoking rates, tobacco use is still a problem. Many Minnesota communities continue to use tobacco at high rates.
The primary sources of tobacco use data on youth are the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey (MYTS) and the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS). These surveys serve different purposes. The MYTS offers detailed information at the statewide level on tobacco use, emerging products, secondhand smoke exposure, media exposure, and other topics. However, the sample size is too small to provide reliable estimates of tobacco use among Minnesota’s racial and ethnic groups and other small population groups. The MSS, on the other hand, is a comprehensive youth survey that contains just a handful of tobacco use indicators, but it is large enough to report these indicators by race and ethnic groups, economic status, and sexual orientation.
Tobacco use is still high in some student populations.
Among 11th grade students in Minnesota who used tobacco in the last 30 days:
- 35.6% of students experiencing serious economic distress (students skipping meals or being homeless) use tobacco.
- 35.2% of gay, lesbian or bisexual students use tobacco.
- 29.2% of American Indian or Alaska Native students use tobacco.
- 23.2% of students in small town and rural school districts (with less than 2,000 students) in Greater Minnesota use tobacco.
Source: 2013 Minnesota Student Survey
Low socioeconomic status
Adult smokers in Minnesota are more likely to have completed fewer years of education and to have lower incomes than nonsmokers.
- Minnesotans with less than a high-school education have the highest smoking rate (28.6 percent), while Minnesotans who completed a college education smoke the least (5.1 percent).
- Among Minnesota adults with annual household incomes of $35,000 or less, 24.4 percent are current smokers, while 8.7 percent of those with household incomes above $75,000 smoke.
Source: 2014 Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer (LGBTQ)
Smoking remains high in Minnesota LGBTQ populations.
- 25% of LGBTQ persons smoke every day or some days per week. In comparison, 14% of the general population of Minnesota smokes.
- Bisexual persons smoke at a higher rate than any other sexual orientation at 31%, compared to 22% of lesbian and gay persons and 23% of queer persons.
Source: 2014 Voices of Health survey
- 59% of American Indian adults are current smokers.
Minnesota American Indian communities
Smoking remains high in Minnesota American Indian populations.
Source: 2013 Tribal Tobacco Use Project survey
The Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey (MYTS) has been conducted since 2000, by the Minnesota Department of Health to provide comprehensive, in depth information on the tobacco use of young people and to design and evaluate prevention efforts. The MYTS is a representative sample survey. The seventh MYTS was conducted in 2017, and previous surveys took place in 2000, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, and 2014.
Learn more about the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Survey.
The Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) is conducted every three years among populations of Minnesota public schools. The census-like survey asks questions about activities, experiences, and behaviors. Topics covered include: tobacco, alcohol and drug use, school climate, physical activity, violence and safety, health, connections with school and family, and other topics.
The survey is administered jointly by the Minnesota Departments of Education, Health, Human Services, and Public Safety. The Minnesota Student Survey collects data by 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades.
Learn more about the Minnesota Student Survey.
The Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) is a collaborative effort between ClearWay Minnesota and the Minnesota Department of Health. MATS is the most thorough source of information about tobacco behaviors, attitudes and beliefs in Minnesota and helps measure the progress of Minnesota’s comprehensive tobacco control program. Previous MATS surveys were conducted in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2010, and 2014.
The 2014 MATS is a cross-sectional, random digit-dial telephone survey, conducted from February to July 2014 among adults aged 18 and older living in Minnesota. The sample of 9,304 responding adults consisted of 5,300 from a statewide landline sample and 4,004 from a cell phone sample.
Learn more about the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey.
For more information
- Tobacco Use Prevention: Report to the Legislature 2017 (PDF)
- Minnesota Public Health Data Access: Smoking
- Minnesota Center for Health Statistics