Tobacco Prevention and Control:
Nearly 20 percent of Minnesota’s adults smoke cigarettes, and 51 percent of them tried to quit in 2010. Tobacco users can, and do, quit. In fact, there are now more former smokers than current smokers.
Tobacco use is not only addictive, it increases the risks of many tobacco-related health effects and is the single greatest preventable cause of death in the U.S. However, quitting can significantly reduce these risks. Benefits to smoking cessation may even be realized within just minutes of quitting:
- Within 20 minutes, heart rate and blood pressure drop.
- Within 12 hours, the carbon monoxide level in the blood drops to normal.
- Within 2-12 weeks, circulation improves and lung function increases.
- After 1-9 months, coughing and shortness of breath decrease.
- After 1 year, the risk of coronary heart disease is about half that of a smoker's.
- After 5 years, stroke risk is reduced to that of a nonsmoker 5 to 15 years after quitting.
- After 10 years, the risk of lung cancer falls to about half that of a smoker and the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, bladder, cervix, and pancreas decreases.
- After 15 years, the risk of coronary heart disease is that of a nonsmoker's.
Additionally, cessation saves money and reduces health care costs, and it benefits friends, family members, and children who may otherwise be exposed to secondhand smoke.
For help quitting, visit QUITPLAN