Select Research Summaries on Nurse Staffing Levels and Patient Outcomes


At the first Nurse Staffing and Patient Outcomes workgroup meeting, members of the workgroup indicated that it would be useful to have information from existing studies on this topic. The Minnesota Department of Health has conducted an initial scan of the literature to identify the most recent meta-analyses and literature descriptions on the topic, and identified several papers that may be of use to the workgroup. Those papers are listed below as well as a document with a summary of key points.

Overview of Literature Reviews on Nurse Staffing Levels and Patient Outcomes (PDF: 24KB/1 page)

Blegan MA. (2006). Patient Safety in Hospital Acute Care Units. Annual Review of Nursing Research; 24:103-125.

Kane RL et al. (2007). The Association of Registered Nurse Staffing Levels and Patient Outcomes: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Medical Care; 45:1195-1204.

Clarke SP and Donaldson NE. (2008). Nurse Staffing and Patient Care Quality and Safety. In: Hughes RG, editor. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Pub. No. 08-0043. Chapter 25. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Rockville, MD.

Unruh L. (2008). Nurse Staffing and Patient, Nurse and Financial Outcomes. American Journal of Nursing; 108:62-71.

Shekelle PG. (2013). Nurse-Patient Ratios as a Patient Safety Strategy: A Systemic Review. Archives of Internal Medicine; 158:404-409


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Updated Tuesday, September 30, 2014 at 10:58AM