Reported Cases of Human Anaplasmosis in Minnesota by Year

From 1996 to 2012, 3,928 cases of human anaplasmosis (HA) (formerly known as human granulocytic ehrlichiosis) were reported in Minnesota. In 2012, 507 confirmed or probable anaplasmosis cases (9.5 cases per 100,000 population) were reported (Figure 1). The median number of 317 cases (range, 139 to 782 cases) reported from 2004 through 2012 is also considerably higher than the median number of cases reported annually from 1996 to 2003 (median, 56 cases; range, 14 to 149).

The number of anaplasmosis cases has been increasing since the first cases of HA were reported in Minnesota in the mid-1990s. A variety of factors, including increasing physician awareness, increasing infection rates in ticks, and expanding tick distribution, may have led to this trend.

The HA cases in 2012 ranged in age from 1 to 99 years; the median age (56 years) was greater than that of Lyme disease (39 years). In 2012, 61% of HA cases were male.

graph of reported cases of anaplasmosis disease in Minnesota

Updated Monday, 24-Jun-2013 13:45:21 CDT