Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) or "Mad Cow Disease"
Since 1996, evidence has been increasing for a causal relationship between the outbreak in Europe of a disease in cattle, called bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or "mad cow disease"), and a disease in humans, called "variant" Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).
are invariably fatal brain diseases with unusually long incubation periods
measured in years, and are caused by abnormally folded proteins in the brain called "prions" (pree-ons).
- About Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE)
General information about mad cow disease, background, evolution, and current concerns
and information from the CDC, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Foreign Agriculture Service.
- BSE Information for Minnesota
Information for Minnesotans about BSE from the Minnesota Department of Agriculture and Minnesota Board of Animal Health.
- Health Care Provider Information on vCJD
Bovine Spongiform Encepahalopathy (BSE) and "variant" Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) information for Health Care Providers.