Health Care Provider Information on Cholera (Vibrio cholerae)

on this page:
Required Disease Reporting
Clinical Features
Treatment

Required Disease Reporting

  • Reporting Cholera
    Healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required to report cases and suspect cases of Vibrio cholerae to the Minnesota Department of Health.

Clinical Features

  • Vibrio cholerae
    CDC; Includes information about clinical features, transmission, trends, and more.Attention: Non-MDH link

Treatment

  • Cholera can be simply and successfully treated by immediate replacement of the fluid and salts lost through diarrhea.
  • Patients can be treated with oral rehydration solution, a prepackaged mixture of sugar and salts to be mixed with water and drunk in large amounts.
    • This solution is used throughout the world to treat diarrhea.
    • Severe cases also require intravenous fluid replacement. With prompt rehydration, fewer than 1% of cholera patients die.
  • Antibiotics shorten the course and diminish the severity of the illness, but they are not as important as rehydration.


Do you suspect that you have a foodborne illness? Visit reporting suspected foodborne illnesses.

 

Updated Tuesday, 16-Nov-2010 12:21:05 CST