Sexually Transmitted Disease Facts: Hepatitis A (caused by hepatitis A virus)
- Download PDF version
formatted for print:
HIV/STD/Hepatitis Risk Assessment
Minnesota Department of Health's integrated risk assessment tool for health and social service providers.
Signs and Symptoms
Hepatitis A Symptoms:
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal discomfort
- Yellow eyes and skin
- Dark urine or light-color stool
- Nausea or vomiting
- Begin 15-50 days after exposure
Hepatitis A is spread by:
- Fecal-oral transmission (food-borne transmission)
- Oral sex
- Finger/anal sex
- Hepatitis A can spread to sex partners
- Hepatitis A causes no long-term liver damage and usually does not cause death.
- There is no chronic carrier state.
- Having had the disease produces lifelong immunity against re-infection.
Recommendations to Reduce the Spread of Hepatitis A:
- Wash hands after bowel movement.
- Avoid oral/anal and finger/anal sex.
- Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for all children over 12 months of age, adolescents and sexually active adults.
- Immune globulin injection may be given within 14 days of exposure.
Testing and Treatment
- Get a test from a medical provider if infection is suspected.
- There is no effective treatment to shorten course of acute infection.
For more information, contact:
Immunizations, Tuberculosis and International Health Section
Minnesota Department of Health
P.O. Box 64975
St. Paul, Minnesota 55164-0975
(651) 201-5414 or 1-877-676-5414 (toll free)
Minnesota Family Planning
and STD Hotline
CDC National STD and AIDS Hotlines
1-800-227-8922; 1-800-243-7889 TTY