Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
Risk Populations: Asian/Pacific Islander
HIV/AIDS Prevalence among Asian/Pacific Islanders
As of December 31st 2013, there were 140 Asian/Pacific Islanders living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota. Of the 140 Asian/Pacific Islanders living with HIV in Minnesota, 98 were male and 42 were female. Of the 98 male API cases, 83% had a risk of men who have sex with men (MSM), 8% heterosexual contact with someone with or at risk for HIV, 3% injection drug use (IDU), 3% MSM/IDU and 3% other risk (hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk). Of the 42 female API cases, 83% had a risk of heterosexual contact with someone with or at risk for HIV, 2% IDU, and 15% other mode of exposure.
HIV Diagnoses among Asian/Pacific Islanders
Nationally, through 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), APIs are one of the fastest-growing ethnic/racial populations in the U.S. According to the CDC, the number of APIs living with AIDS has climbed by about 10% in each of the last 5 years.
In Minnesota, however, the number of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses has remained low over the past decade at less than 10 new cases a year. In 2013 there was one HIV diagnosis among Asian/Pacific Islanders accounting for less than 1% of all HIV infection diagnoses.
Mode of Exposure
Of the 10 Asian males diagnosed between 2011 and 2013, 100% of cases had an estimated mode of exposure of MSM. Of the 3 Asian females diagnosed between 2011 and 2013, 100% had an estimated mode of exposure of heterosexual contact with someone with or at risk for HIV. However, the number of cases among Asian/Pacific Islander men and women during the years 2011-2013 are insufficient to make further generalizations regarding risk.
HIV Treatment Cascade among Asian/Pacific Islanders
There were 134 HIV positive Asian/Pacific Islanders included in the HIV Treatment Cascade analyses. Compared to the overall treatment cascade in Minnesota, Asian/Pacific Islanders have slightly lower retention in care and viral suppression rates. It is important to note the numbers of HIV cases in this community are quite small.
There were too few cases among Asian/Pacific Islanders diagnosed in 2012 to calculate the linkage to care measure.