Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
Risk Populations: Asian/Pacific Islander
HIV/AIDS Prevalence among Asian/Pacific Islanders
As of December 31st 2012, there were 137 Asian/Pacific Islanders living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota. Of the 137 Asian/Pacific Islanders living with HIV in Minnesota, 97 were male and 40 were female. Of the 97 male API cases, 83 percent were among men who have sex with men (MSM), 8 percent heterosexuals, 3 percent injecting drug users (IDU) and 5 percent MSM/IDU. Of the 40 female API cases, 89 percent were among heterosexuals, 3 percent IDU, and 8 percent other mode of exposure (hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk).
HIV Diagnoses among Asian/Pacific Islanders
Nationally, through 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), APIs are one of the fastest-growing ethnic/racial populations in the U.S. According to the CDC, the number of APIs living with AIDS has climbed by about 10 percent in each of the last 5 years.
In Minnesota, however, the number of new HIV/AIDS diagnoses has remained low over the past decade at less than 10 new cases a year. In 2012 there were five HIV diagnoses among Asian/Pacific Islanders accounting for 2 percent of all HIV infection diagnoses. Asian/Pacific Islanders had a rate of 2.3 HIV infections per 100,000 population. This is the lowest rate of infection for any racial/ethnic group.
Mode of Exposure
Of the 14 Asian males diagnosed between 2010 and 2012, 100 percent of cases had an estimated mode of exposure of MSM. Of the 4 Asian females diagnosed between 2010 and 2012, 99 percent had an estimated mode of exposure of heterosexual contact and 1 percent other mode of exposure which can include hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk. However, the number of cases among Asian/Pacific Islander men and women during the years 2010-2012 are insufficient to make further generalizations regarding risk.
HIV Treatment Cascade among Asian/Pacific Islanders
There were 130 HIV positive Asian/Pacific Islanders included in the HIV Treatment Cascade (PDF: 952KB/2 pages) analyses. Compared to the overall treatment cascade in Minnesota, Asian/Pacific Islanders have very similar outcomes at each stage of the continuum of care. There were 7 cases among Asian/Pacific Islanders reported in 2011 that were included in the linkage to care calculation. Asian/Pacific Islanders had a slightly better percentage of linkage to care when compared to the overall cascade. It is important to note the numbers of quite small, particularly for linkage to care measure and should be interpreted carefully.