Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
HIV/AIDS Prevalence in Greater MN
As of December 31st 2012, there were 984 persons living with HIV/AIDS in Greater Minnesota. This accounts for 13 percent of all persons living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota.
There are some differences in race by region of residence. While 16 percent of White persons living with HIV/AIDS live in Greater Minnesota, this percentage is considerably smaller among African Americans (7%) and African-born (11%) persons. However, among HIV positive American Indian, Hispanic and Asian persons living with HIV/AIDS, 20 percent, 14 percent, and 18 percent reside in Greater Minnesota, respectively.
The gender distribution varies slightly by geography. Males make up a smaller proportion of cases in Greater Minnesota at 72 percent when compared to the TGA at 77 percent.
HIV Diagnoses in Greater Minnesota
In 2012, there were 46 cases diagnosed in greater Minnesota, this represents the highest number of new diagnoses in greater Minnesota in the past decade. This represents a 35 percent increase from 2011 when there were 34 cases diagnosed in greater Minnesota. While the concentration of new HIV/AIDS infections is in the TGA (89%), there are notable differences between Greater Minnesota and the TGA in the racial and risk category distribution of those infected.
Mode of Exposure
While most the risk category distributions are similar for Greater MN and the TGA there are a few interesting differences. The proportion of new infections between 2010 and 2012 attributed to MSM/IDU and unspecified modes of exposure are similar in the TGA and Greater Minnesota. However, MSM account for a greater percentage of cases in the TGA (55%) than in Greater MN (40%). Additionally, the percentage of heterosexual cases is higher in Greater MN (31%) than in the TGA (19%).
Similarly, looking at the racial/ethnic distribution of the new infections over the past three years, there are differences between Greater Minnesota and the TGA. The main differences occur in African American, and White communities. African Americans accounted for 8 percent of Greater Minnesota cases and 25 percent of TGA cases and African-born persons accounted for 10 percent of Greater Minnesota cases and 13 percent of TGA cases. In contrast White made up a greater percentage of new infections in Greater Minnesota than the TGA (67 percent and 45 percent, respectively). The proportion of African-born, Hispanic, American Indian and Asian cases was the very similar in both the TGA and Greater.
Age at Diagnosis
Persons aged 13-24 years made up 17 percent of the new cases in Greater Minnesota while accounting for 21 percent of the new cases in the TGA between 2010 and 2012. Additionally, persons over 45 years of age accounted for 19 percent of cases in Greater Minnesota cases but 26 percent of TGA cases during this time period.