Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
Risk Populations: Heterosexuals
HIV/AIDS Prevalence among heterosexuals
Throughout the epidemic, heterosexual contact has been the predominate mode of HIV exposure reported among females in Minnesota. As of December 31st 2012, heterosexually acquired HIV infections accounted for 1,496 (20%) of living cases. Of the 1,496 heterosexual cases, 1,270 (85%) were among women and the remaining 226 (15%) were among men.
HIV Diagnoses among heterosexuals
Gender and Race/Ethnicity
The numbers of male cases attributed heterosexual contact have remained somewhat stable over the past decade. However, the trend varies by racial ethnic group. The number of male cases attributed to heterosexual contact was 9 in 2012. Heterosexual contact with a partner who has or is at increased risk for HIV infection is estimated to account for 3 percent of cases among White males during 2010-2012, 11 percent of cases among African American males and 79 percent African-born males and 1 percent of Hispanic males. Heterosexual contact among American Indian and Asian men accounted for and estimated 8 percent and 0 percent of new infections from 2010-2012 respectively, but should be interpreted with caution as each of the groups had a small number of new diagnoses during the time period.
Heterosexual contact with a partner who has or is at increased risk for HIV infection is estimated to account for 86 percent of cases among White females during 2010-2012, 96 percent of cases among African American females and African-born females. Heterosexual contact among American Indian, Hispanic and Asian women accounted for 90 percent, 100 percent and 99 percent of new infections from 2010-2012 respectively, but should be interpreted with caution as each of the groups had less than 12 new diagnoses during the time period.
Treatment Cascade among Heterosexuals
There were 1,435 HIV positive persons with heterosexual contact as their identified risk included in the HIV Treatment Cascade (PDF: 952KB/2 pages) analyses. Compared to the overall HIV treatment cascade in Minnesota, people who have an identified HIV risk of heterosexual contact have similar percentages of retention in care as well as viral suppression. There were 74 cases among heterosexuals reported in 2011 that were included in the linkage to care calculation. Heterosexuals have a slightly higher percentage of linkage to care than the overall cascade for Minnesota.