Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
Risk Populations: Hispanic
HIV/AIDS Prevalence among Hispanic Persons
As of December 31st 2012, there were 642 Hispanic persons living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota. While this accounts for 9 percent of persons living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota, Hispanic persons have nearly three times the rate of people living with HIV than white, non-Hispanic persons (256.5 per 100,000 persons and 87.4 per 100,000 persons respectively).
HIV Diagnoses among Hispanic persons
In 2012, there were 39 HIV diagnoses among Hispanics in Minnesota accounting for 12 percent of all HIV infection diagnoses.
Over the past ten years new infections among Hispanic persons in Minnesota has remained relatively stable from year to year. However, in 2012, an increase in Hispanic males was observed, from 19 cases in 2011 to 35 in 2012, representing an increase of 84%. The annual number of new infections diagnosed among Hispanic females continues to be quite small with four diagnoses in 2012.
Mode of Exposure
Of the 82 new HIV infections diagnosed among Hispanic males between 2010 and 2012, MSM or MSM/IDU accounted for an estimated 97 percent of diagnoses, while 1 percent were estimated to have heterosexual contact as their mode of exposure. The remaining 2 percent had and other mode of exposure which includes hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk.
Of the 11 Hispanic females diagnosed between 2010 and 2012, all 11 (100%) had an estimated mode of exposure of heterosexual contact. However, the number of cases among Hispanic women during the years 2010-2012 is insufficient to make further generalizations regarding risk.
Age at Diagnosis
Between 2010 and 2012, 20 percent of the cases among Hispanic persons were among those aged 13 to 24 years of age as compared to 17 percent among Whites, 5 percent among African-born. Only African American had a higher percent of persons diagnosed between the age of 13 and 24 years at 33 percent. The average age at diagnosis among Hispanic persons in diagnosed in 2010-2012 was 32 years old.
HIV Treatment Cascade among Hispanics
There were 597 HIV positive Hispanics included in the HIV Treatment Cascade (PDF: 952KB/2 pages) analyses. Compared to the overall treatment cascade in Minnesota, Hispanics have lower percentages of retention in care and viral suppression. There were 23 cases among Hispanics reported in 2011 that were included in the linkage to care calculation. Unlike the other cascade measures, Hispanics had a higher percentage of linkage to care than the overall cascade.