Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
Risk Populations: Hispanic
HIV/AIDS Prevalence among Hispanic Persons
As of December 31st 2013, there were 665 Hispanic persons living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota. While this accounts for 9% of persons living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota, Hispanic persons have nearly three times the rate of people living with HIV than white, non-Hispanic persons (256.7 per 100,000 persons and 88.6 per 100,000 persons respectively).
HIV Diagnoses among Hispanic persons
In 2013, there were 28 HIV diagnoses among Hispanics in Minnesota accounting for 9% of all HIV infection diagnoses that year.
Over the past ten years new infections among Hispanic persons in Minnesota has remained relatively stable from year to year. In 2013, there were 24 new HIV diagnoses among Hispanic males. This is down from 35 diagnoses in 2012. The annual number of new infections diagnosed among Hispanic females continues to be quite small with four diagnoses in 2013.
Mode of Exposure
Of the 78 new HIV infections diagnosed among Hispanic males between 2011 and 2013, MSM or MSM/IDU accounted for an estimated 92% of diagnoses, while 5% were estimated to have heterosexual contact with someone with or at risk for HIV infection as their mode of exposure. The remaining 2% had and other mode of exposure which includes hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk.
Of the 14 Hispanic females diagnosed between 2011 and 2013, 92% had an estimated mode of exposure of heterosexual contact with someone with or at risk for HIV infection. The remaining 8% had a risk of injection drug use. However, the number of cases among Hispanic women during the years 2011-2013 is insufficient to make further generalizations regarding risk.
HIV Treatment Cascade among Hispanics
There were 638 HIV positive Hispanics included in the HIV Treatment Cascade analyses. Compared to the overall treatment cascade in Minnesota, Hispanics have a lower percentage of retention in care. Hispanics have the lowest percent of viral suppression compared to other racial/ethnic groups at 56%.
There were 41 cases among Hispanics reported in 2012 that were included in the linkage to care calculation. Unlike the other cascade measures, Hispanics had a higher percentage of linkage to care than the overall cascade at 93%.