Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota: Transgender - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota

Transgender

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HIV/AIDS Prevalence among Transgender Persons

Historically, current gender identity was not regularly collected as part of HIV Surveillance. In 2014, current gender identity was added to the HIV case report form, which is how data on cases are reported to MDH. However, it is known that gender identity is not routinely collected in all health care settings and is likely under reported to the Minnesota Department of Health. In 2014, there were 60 transgender clients receiving Ryan White services. This is more than the number of transgender individuals that are in the MDH HIV surveillance system, eHARS. Therefore, the data reported here can be considered an underestimation and serve as a minimum estimate for HIV among transgender people in Minnesota. As of December 31st 2014, there were 41 transgender persons living with HIV in Minnesota according to eHARS. The data presented here reflect data from HIV surveillance which is also reported to CDC.

Race/Ethnicity

Transgender people of color account for a disproportionate number of transgender people living with HIV in Minnesota. White people account for just 27% of transgender people living with HIV, while people of color account for 73% of transgender people living with HIV whereas only 17% of the general population in Minnesota are people of color. Additionally, transgender people living with HIV are more racially diverse than the population living with HIV in Minnesota as a whole as 56% of all people living with HIV in Minnesota are people of color.

transgender HIV cases by race

Mode of Exposure

The majority (88%) of transgender people living with HIV in Minnesota have an estimated mode of exposure of sexual contact. The joint risk of sexual transmission and IDU accounts for 10% of the cases.

transgender cases by mode of exposure