Epidemiological Profile of HIV/AIDS in Minnesota
Risk Populations: White (non-Hispanic)
HIV/AIDS Prevalence among White (non-Hispanic)
As of December 31st 2012, there were 3,848 white (non-Hispanic) persons living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota, representing a majority (51%) of people living with HIV/AIDS in Minnesota. Of the 3,848 white persons living with HIV in Minnesota, 3,410 (89%) are male and 438 (11%) are female (11%).
Of the 3,848 white male cases, 86 percent were estimated to be men who have sex with men (MSM), 8 percent MSM/IDU, 3 percent injecting drug users and 2 percent heterosexuals and 1 percent other (hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk). Of the 438 white females living with HIV in Minnesota, 80 percent were among heterosexuals, 17 percent IDU, and 3 percent other (hemophilia, transplant, transfusion or mother with HIV or HIV risk).
HIV Diagnoses among White (non-Hispanic)
White males drove the epidemic in the 1980s and early 1990s, and today White males still account for the largest number of new infections, but the proportion of cases that White males account for is decreasing. In 2012, white males accounted for 50 percent of the new HIV infections, with 128 diagnoses, compared to 59 percent in 2011.
In the beginning of the epidemic, White women accounted for a majority of newly diagnosed cases among females. However, the number of new infections among women of color has exceeded the number among whites since 1991. In 2012 White women only made up 18 percent of the new infections among women in Minnesota, with 11 new diagnoses.
Mode of Exposure
Of the 400 white males diagnosed between 2010 and 2012, 87 percent of cases had an estimated mode of exposure of MSM, 8 percent MSM/IDU, 3 percent heterosexual contact and 3 percent IDU. Of the 47 white females diagnosed between 2010 and 2012, 86 percent had an estimated mode of exposure of heterosexual contact and 14 percent IDU.
A greater proportion of white persons diagnosed with HIV live in Greater Minnesota than persons of color. Twenty percent of white women diagnosed with HIV from 2010-2012 lived in greater Minnesota, compared to 13 percent of women of color. Seventeen percent of white men diagnosed during the same time period lived in greater Minnesota compared to 6 percent of men of color.
HIV Treatment Cascade among White (non-Hispanic)
There were 3,706 HIV positive white persons included in the HIV Treatment Cascade (PDF: 952KB/2 pages) analyses. Compared to the overall HIV treatment cascade in Minnesota, white persons have higher percentages of retention in care as well as viral suppression.
There were 144 cases among white persons reported in 2011 that were included in the linkage to care calculation. Whites have the same percentage of linkage to care than the overall cascade for Minnesota.