Genital warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 100 types of HPV. Some produce warts — plantar warts on the feet, common hand warts, juvenile warts, butcher's warts, and genital warts. About 30 types of HPV can infect the genital area — the vulva, vagina, cervix, rectum, anus, penis, or scrotum. Some types may cause genital warts. Other types cause changes in cells and increase the risk of cervical and other certain types of cancers. Most types seem to have no harmful effect at all. There is no cure for genital warts. There are treatments to help remove the visible warts.
For more information on symptoms of genital warts, how it is spread, how it is treated, and how it is prevented, see below:
- STD Facts:
Genital Warts/Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
MDH overview of genital warts, HPV: signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention. (Download PDF versions below, formatted for print)
CDC: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine
Two HPV vaccines are licensed by the FDA and recommended by CDC. These vaccines are Cervarix (made by GlaxoSmithKline) and Gardasil (made by Merck).
Key Cancer Facts For Minnesota Including Cervical Cancer (PDF)
Statistics on cancer cases including the number of cervical cancer cases, deaths, and number of women screened in Minnesota.
- Recommendations for follow-up of Cervical Abnormalities
MDH primer for primary care providers on the management of abnormal Pap smears.
- For Persons
Who Have Been Sexually Assaulted - Information You Should Know About
For those who may have been sexually assaulted, this brochure provides guidelines on being tested for HIV and other STDs. The brochure may be downloaded for duplication purposes.
- Programs to
Prevent and Reduce the Risks of Sexually Transmitted Infections
and Diseases: Minnesota Statute § 121A.23 for STD/HIV Education
Statute requiring HIV and STD education to be provided in the classroom within Minnesota’s school districts.
- The Sage Screening Program (formerly the Minnesota Breast and Cervical Cancer Control Program)
is a statewide comprehensive breast and cervical cancer screening program whose primary objective is to increase the proportion of age-appropriate women who are screened for breast and cervical cancer
- CDC: Human Papillomavirus
(HPV) Testing and Screening
- National STD
Tip sheets on how to plan activities for National STD Awareness Month developed by the MDH.
- Genital Warts/HPV Disease
CDC overview of genital warts: signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention.
- American Social Health Association: HPV
American Social Health Association overview of HPV: signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention.
- HPV (CDC)
- HPV: Promoting Early Adolescent Vaccination (Health Plan Initiative/Stratis Health)
The HPV performance improvement initiative is a collaborative effort by nine health plans contracted to provide quality improvement projects targeted at the Medicaid population in Minnesota. The goals of the initiative are to promote awareness of the HPV vaccination and to increase the percentage of females that receive vaccination. Learn more about the intervention strategies and resources available for providers on this site.
- STD Treatment
CDC’s latest treatment guidelines for STDs.
- CDC's Image Library
Image library from CDC's Public Health Image Library (PHIL).
- Minnesota Family
Planning and STD Hotline
Toll-free hotline for confidential information about the prevention, testing locations and treatment of STDs in Minnesota. (1-800-78-FACTS)
Content Notice: This site contains HIV or STD prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV and other STDs are spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this web site.