Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Sexually Transmitted Disease Facts

PID is an infection of the female reproductive organs (uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries). Many types of germs can cause PID, but chlamydia and gonorrhea are the most common.

On this page:
Signs and Symptoms
Testing and Treatment
For more information

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Signs and Symptoms

  • May be absent or mild
  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Fever
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Burning or pain during urination
  • Pain during sex


Germs that cause PID are spread by vaginal sex.


  • If left untreated, PID can cause:

    • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy
    • Infertility
    • Chronic pelvic pain


  • Avoiding vaginal, oral or anal sex is the best way to prevent STDs.
  • Latex condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of germs that cause PID.
  • Always use latex condoms during vaginal and anal sex.
  • Limit the number of sex partners.
  • Get a test from a doctor or other medical provider if infection is suspected.

Testing and Treatment

  • Get a test from a medical provider if infection is suspected.
  • PID can be cured using medication prescribed by medical provider.

NOTE: A person can be re-infected after treatment.

For more information, contact:

STD, HIV and TB Section
Minnesota Department of Health

Minnesota Family Planning and STD Hotline
1-800-783-2287 Voice/TTY; 651-645-9360 (Metro)

American Social Health Association (ASHA)

CDC National STD and AIDS Hotlines
1-800-CDC-INFO; 1-888-232-6348 TTY
1-800-344-7432 (Spanish)

Updated Tuesday, 27-Mar-2018 15:03:04 CDT