Pneumococcal Information for Health Professionals
Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can cause pneumonia, bloodstream infections, or meningitis.
The Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria kills more people in the United States each year than all other vaccine-preventable diseases combined. Treating pneumococcal infections with penicillin and other antibiotics used to be effective, but the disease is becoming more and more resistant to antibiotic treatment, making immunization increasingly important. There are two different vaccines, often called "pneumonia shots," to combat the 90 known strains of pneumococcal disease.
- Reporting Streptococcal Disease
All invasive Streptococcal disease caused by S. pneumoniae must be reported to MDH within one working day.
conjugate vaccine (PCV13)
Who should get the PCV13 vaccine, as well as VIS statements, and ACIP recommendations.
polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV)
Who should get the PPV vaccine, VIS statements, ACIP recommendations, and related journal articles.
Pneumococcal Vaccination - Pocket Guide (PDF)
A pocket guide to assist health care providers in determining who should receive a pneumococcal vaccination and when.
- You can order copies of the Adult Pneumococcal Vaccination pocket guide (3 ¾in x 6 ¾in) for free on the For Professionals - Immunization Materials order form.
Standards and guidelines
- ACIP Provisional Recommendations for Use of Pneumococcal Vaccines
Pneumococcal vaccine recommendations by the ACIP. Attention: Non-MDH link
of Pneumococcal Disease
ACIP Recommendations in April 4, 1997 MMWR. Attention: Non-MDH link
- Adults Only Vaccination:
A Step-by-Step Guide
Need help in establishing protocols for vaccinating your adult patients? Need tools to determine which vaccinations they need? Designed to help integrate immunization services into health care settings new to vaccination, this guide and accompanying tools are equally valuable for settings experienced in vaccine delivery. Attention: Non-MDH link