Other Retroviruses That May Cause Human Illness
Retroviruses are a family of viruses that are grouped together based on how they are structured and how they replicate within a host. Besides human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, there a two other retroviruses that can cause human illness. One is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and the other is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-II). Both of these viruses are transmitted between people through sexual contact, infected blood or tissue exposure, or during pregnancy or childbirth from an infected mother to her child.
- Facts: Other
MDH overview of other retroviruses that may cause human illness.
- STD Case Reporting
MDH summary of procedures to report selected STDs, including retroviruses.
Disease Reporting Rules, Chapter 4605
Statute summarizing the communicable diseases that are required to be reported in Minnesota.
Partner Services Program (PDF:
145 KB/2 pages) (MS
Word: 37 KB/2 pages)
A brochure designed for health providers, information is provided about the program that assists HIV or STD infected persons notify their partners about their potential exposure. The brochure may be downloaded for duplication purposes.
- STD Treatment Guidelines
CDC’s latest treatment guidelines for STDs. Attention: Non-MDH link
- STD Image Library
Image library of STD symptoms developed by the Cincinnati STD/HIV Prevention Training Center. Attention: Non-MDH link
- Minnesota Family Planning
and STD Hotline
Toll-free hotline for confidential information about the prevention, testing locations and treatment of STDs in Minnesota (1-800-78-FACTS). Attention: Non-MDH link
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