Other Retroviruses That May Cause Human Illness
Retroviruses are a family of viruses that are grouped together based on how they are structured and how they replicate within a host. Besides human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, there a two other retroviruses that can cause human illness. One is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and the other is called human T-lymphotropic virus type 2 (HTLV-II). Both of these viruses are transmitted between people through sexual contact, infected blood or tissue exposure, or during pregnancy or childbirth from an infected mother to her child.
- Facts: Other
MDH overview of other retroviruses that may cause human illness.
Getting Tested for STDs
- Getting Tested for STDs
Resources for finding STD testing clinics in your area.
Reporting a Case of Retrovirus
- STD Case Reporting
MDH summary of procedures to report selected STDs, including retroviruses.
Disease Reporting Rules, Chapter 4605
Statute summarizing the communicable diseases that are required to be reported in Minnesota.
Partner Services Program (PDF) or (Word)
A brochure designed for health providers, information is provided about the program that assists HIV or STD infected persons notify their partners about their potential exposure. The brochure may be downloaded for duplication purposes.
More about Retroviruses
- STD Treatment Guidelines (CDC)
CDC’s latest treatment guidelines for STDs.
- Minnesota Family Planning
and STD Hotline
Toll-free hotline for confidential information about the prevention, testing locations and treatment of STDs in Minnesota (1-800-78-FACTS).
Content Notice: This site contains HIV or STD prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV and other STDs are spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this web site.