Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, also referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, do not refer to any one disease but include more than 25 infectious organisms that are transmitted through sexual activity and the dozens of clinical syndromes that they cause. Examples of the common STDs include:
STDs are almost always spread from person to person by sexual intercourse, most commonly by anal or vaginal intercourse but also through oral sex. Some STDs, such as hepatitis B or HIV infection, are also transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, through the sharing of needles or equipment to inject drugs, body pierce or tattoo. Pregnant women with STDs may pass their infections to infants during pregnancy or birth or through breast feeding.
For more information on symptoms of STDs, how they are spread, how they are treated, how they can be prevented and how many STD cases have occurred in Minnesota, see below:
STD Hot Topics
Reporting a Case of an STD
Frequently Asked Questions about STD Reporting
CDC STD Treatment Guidelines
Expedited partner therapy (EPT)
STD Statistics and Reports
HIV Statistics and Reports
Getting Tested for STDs
Information for Providers
April is STD Awareness Month
Facts: Individual fact sheets for each STD
MDH set of STD fact sheets: signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention and treatment for specific STDs in English, Spanish, Amharic, Oromo, and Somali.
- STD Facts: STD Summary
STD fact sheets from MDH summarizing signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention and treatment for STDsin English, Spanish, Amharic, Oromo, and Somali.
Hepatitis Needs Assessment and Five Year Plan
A vision and a framework for the direction that MDH should take in the future to appropriately address viral hepatitis in Minnesota.
- Programs to Prevent
and Reduce the Risks of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Diseases:
Minnesota Statute § 121A.23 for STD/HIV Education in Schools
Statute requiring HIV and STD education to be provided in the classroom within Minnesota’s school districts.
Asked Questions about STD Reporting
MDH fact sheet on STD reporting
- Communicable Disease Rule, Chapter 4605: with Notations Pertaining to Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
- STD/HIV Partner Services Program
A brochure designed for health providers, information is provided about the program that assists HIV or STD infected persons notify their partners about their potential exposure. The brochure may be downloaded for duplication purposes.
- Adolescent Health: Maternal
and Child Health (MCH) Section
MDH site providing quick and easy access to current information and resources about teen health.
- STD and
HIV Resources in Spanish
Recursos De Enfermedades De Transmision Sexual (ETS)
STD information in Spanish is now available on CDC's web site, including translations of fact sheets, the STD hotline in Spanish, and Spanish STD links.
Content Notice: This site contains HIV or STD prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV and other STDs are spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this web site.