Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, also referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, do not refer to any one disease but include more than 25 infectious organisms that are transmitted through sexual activity and the dozens of clinical syndromes that they cause. Examples of the common STDs include:

  Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Chancroid
Chlamydia

Genital Herpes

Genital Warts/HPV

Gonorrhea

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Herpes, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV)

Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pubic Lice (crabs)
Retrovirus infections other than HIV (HTLV)
Scabies (mites)
Syphilis
Trichomoniasis

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STDs are almost always spread from person to person by sexual intercourse, most commonly by anal or vaginal intercourse but also through oral sex. Some STDs, such as hepatitis B or HIV infection, are also transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, through the sharing of needles or equipment to inject drugs, body pierce or tattoo. Pregnant women with STDs may pass their infections to infants during pregnancy or birth or through breast feeding.

For more information on symptoms of STDs, how they are spread, how they are treated, how they can be prevented and how many STD cases have occurred in Minnesota, see below:

STD Hot Topics
Reporting a Case of an STD
Frequently Asked Questions about STD Reporting
CDC STD Treatment Guidelines
Expedited partner therapy (EPT)
STD Statistics and Reports
HIV Statistics and Reports
Getting Tested for STDs
Information for Providers
Sexual Health
April is STD Awareness Month
External Links

Content Notice: This site contains HIV or STD prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV and other STDs are spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this web site.

Updated Monday, 14-Jul-2014 10:15:16 CDT