Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, also referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, do not refer to any one disease but include more than 25 infectious organisms that are transmitted through sexual activity and the dozens of clinical syndromes that they cause. Examples of the common STDs include:

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

Genital Herpes

Genital Warts/HPV


Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

Herpes, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV)

Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pubic Lice (crabs)
Retrovirus infections other than HIV (HTLV)
Scabies (mites)

STDs are almost always spread from person to person by sexual intercourse, most commonly by anal or vaginal intercourse but also through oral sex. Some STDs, such as hepatitis B or HIV infection, are also transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, through the sharing of needles or equipment to inject drugs, body pierce or tattoo. Pregnant women with STDs may pass their infections to infants during pregnancy or birth or through breast feeding.

  • STD News
    News releases, news articles, public service announcements related to STDs.

  • STD Basics
    Signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention and treatment for specific STDs in English, Spanish, Amharic, Oromo, and Somali.

  • Getting Tested for STDs
    Resources for finding STD testing clinics in your area.

  • Reporting a Case of an STD
    Minnesota state law requires physicians, health care facilities, and laboratories to report all laboratory-confirmed cases of AIDS, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV and syphilis directly to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH).

  • Information for Providers 
    Health notices, information on reporting and treating STDs, tools and resources.

  • Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT) 
    Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT) is the practice of treating sex partners of persons with STDs in the absence of medical evaluation or prevention counseling.

  • STD Treatment Guidelines: CDC
    Recommendations for treating persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases.
    • The STD Treatment Guidelines are also available as a mobile app for download on both Apple and Android. Check out your device’s app store for more information.
  • STD Statistics and Reports 
    Graphs, tables and text that describe trends in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Minnesota.
  • HIV Statistics and Reports
    Number and demographic characteristics of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in Minnesota.

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Content Notice: This site contains HIV or STD prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV and other STDs are spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this web site.

Updated Tuesday, April 05, 2016 at 12:18PM