Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, also referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, do not refer to any one disease but include more than 25 infectious organisms that are transmitted through sexual activity and the dozens of clinical syndromes that they cause. Examples of the common STDs include:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Herpes, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
Molluscum Contagiosum Virus (MCV)
Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pubic Lice (crabs)
Retrovirus infections other than HIV (HTLV)
STDs are almost always spread from person to person by sexual intercourse, most commonly by anal or vaginal intercourse but also through oral sex. Some STDs, such as hepatitis B or HIV infection, are also transmitted through blood-to-blood contact, through the sharing of needles or equipment to inject drugs, body pierce or tattoo. Pregnant women with STDs may pass their infections to infants during pregnancy or birth or through breast feeding.
- STD News
News releases, news articles, public service announcements related to STDs.
- STD Basics
Signs and symptoms, transmission, complications, prevention and treatment for specific STDs in English, Spanish, Amharic, Oromo, and Somali.
- Getting Tested for STDs
Resources for finding STD testing clinics in your area.
- Reporting a Case of an STD
Minnesota state law requires physicians, health care facilities, and laboratories to report all laboratory-confirmed cases of AIDS, chancroid, chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV and syphilis directly to the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH).
- Information for Providers
Health notices, information on reporting and treating STDs, tools and resources.
- Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT)
Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT) is the practice of treating sex partners of persons with STDs in the absence of medical evaluation or prevention counseling.
- CDC STD Treatment Guidelines
Recommendations for treating persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases.
- STD Statistics and Reports
Graphs, tables and text that describe trends in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in Minnesota.
- HIV Statistics and Reports
Number and demographic characteristics of newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases in Minnesota.
- Sexual Health
- April is STD Awareness Month
- Programs to Prevent
and Reduce the Risks of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Diseases:
Minnesota Statute § 121A.23 for STD/HIV Education in Schools
Statute requiring HIV and STD education to be provided in the classroom within Minnesota’s school districts.
- Related Links
Content Notice: This site contains HIV or STD prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences. Since HIV and other STDs are spread primarily through sexual practices or by sharing needles, prevention messages and programs may address these topics. If you are not seeking such information or may be offended by such materials, please exit this web site.