Disease Transmitted from Animals to Humans
A zoonosis (zoonotic disease or zoonoses -plural) is an infectious disease that is transmitted between species from animals to humans (or from humans to animals).
Common Illnesses Associated with Animal Contact
Rabies is a disease that affects the nervous system of mammals. It is caused by a virus and is typically spread by an infected animal biting another animal or person. Rabies is a fatal disease; it cannot be treated once symptoms appear. Luckily, rabies can be effectively prevented by vaccination.
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- Brucellosis (Brucella species)
Brucellosis, an infectious disease caused by the bacteria of the genus Brucella, primarily affects animals. Humans become infected by coming in contact with contaminated animals or animal products.
- Blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatitidis)
Blastomycosis is a rare fungal infection usually acquired by inhaling the spores of a fungus (Blastomyces dermatitidis) that can be found in wood and soil.
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- Plague (Yersinia pestis)
Plague is a disease caused by Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), a bacterium found in rodents and their fleas in many areas around the world.
- Psittacosis (Chlamydophila psittaci, Chlamydia psittaci)
Infection with Chlamydophila psittaci (formerly known as Chlamydia psittaci) is cause of systemic illness in companion birds (birds kept by humans as pets) and poultry. This illness is often referred to as avian chlamydiosis (also known as psittacosis, ornithosis, and parrot fever) in birds.
- Intestinal Illness Acquired From Animals
Including E. coli O157:H7, Cryptosporidium parvum, Campylobacter, and Salmonella.
- Other diseases transmitted by animals include:
Histoplasmosis, Trichinosis, Coccidioidol mycosis, and Bartonellosis