Vaccines for Adolescents
Information for adolescent patients about what vaccines they need, where to find them, and other common questions.
On this page:
What vaccines do adolescents need?
How do I know which vaccines I have and haven't already received?
Where can I get vaccinated?
What about paying for vaccines?
Which vaccines are required for school?
Where can I get more information?
Children, Preteens, and Adolescents - Immunization Schedules
Most adolescents should receive the Tdap, meningococcal, HPV, and influenza vaccines during their teens.
- Adolescent and Adult Vaccine Quiz
This CDC questionnaire will give you a personalized list of the vaccines you might need. Attention: Non-MDH link
- Tips for Finding Immunization Records
Doctors’ offices, schools, and immunization registries are all potential sources.
- For influenza and all other vaccines, ask at your medical home – the place you regularly receive health care. If your health care provider isn’t able to provide the vaccines you need, he or she may refer you to a different clinic, a pharmacy, a retail location, or a local public health agency. If you don’t have a medical home, you can call your local public health agency for guidance or check the listings in the HealthMap Vaccine Finder below.
Can my child get free or low cost shots? (PDF: 63KB/1 page)
Patient self-screening form.
Most pediatricians and family medicine physicians in Minnesota participate in the Minnesota Vaccines for Children program. You qualify to be vaccinated at low to no cost if you are under 19 years old and any of the following conditions apply:
- You are uninsured
- You have insurance, but it won’t cover the vaccine you need, or you have already reached your annual coverage cap (“underinsured”)
- You are eligible for Medical Assistance or MinnesotaCare
- You are an American Indian or Alaska Native
If you are uninsured, you may be requested or required to pay a fee for the administration of the vaccine, although not for the vaccine itself. Contact a Community Health Center about low- or no-fee vaccination.
If you are underinsured, you may also be subject to a fee, and only certain facilities can vaccinate you within the Vaccines for Children program. You can search by your county at Vaccine Clinics Serving Underinsured Children.
If you do have private insurance that covers vaccines, there is usually no copayment for an immunization-only visit. Call the customer service number on the back of your insurance card to find out for sure what your coverage is.
- Are Your Kids Ready for School?
Simple chart showing required immunizations for children in Minnesota.
- Quick Reference to Minnesota’s Immunization Laws
In addition to being up-to-date on the vaccines required in earlier grades, seventh-graders in Minnesota are required to get either Td (tetanus and diphtheria only) or Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis) vaccine, unless an exemption applies. While Td is allowable under state law, national recommendations call for Tdap instead. MDH strongly encourages adolescents to receive all recommended vaccines, including Tdap, meningococcal, and HPV.
- Healthy Student Brochure
This booklet, from the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, includes information on vaccines young adults should receive, and may in some cases be required to receive, before entering college. Attention: Non-MDH links
- Diseases Prevented by Vaccines
MDH has compiled information on diseases for which vaccines are routinely given in the United States.
Preteens and Teens Still Need Vaccines
Vaccines.gov for Infants, Children, & Teens
Adolescent Vaccination: Which Vaccines Do Adolescents Need?
Additional authoritative resources and references. Attention: Non-MDH links
Reliable Sources of Immunization Information
Continue your vaccine education with these trusted nonprofit and public partners.
- Shot By Shot: Stories of vaccine-preventable diseases
In this game from the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, your goal is to control outbreaks of infectious disease by imposing quarantines, deploying doctors, and guessing which diseases are afflicting your town. Attention: Non-MDH link
Videos on the consequences of ignoring vaccine recommendations. Attention: Non-MDH link
CDC’s Body and Mind website for preteens is action-packed. Attention: Non-MDH link
Fun and games, gossip, and health information for teen and preteen girls. Attention: Non-MDH link
MDH Adolescent Health Gateway
Vaccination is only one of the ways you can take care of yourself during adolescence. Many other health topics are covered here.