Recommended Vaccines for Health Care Personnel - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Recommended Vaccines for Health Care Personnel

Information on what vaccines are recommended for people who work in health care settings.

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Vaccines recommended for health care personnel
Managing exposures in health care personnel
More information and resources

Health care personnel (HCP) are at risk for exposure to serious, and sometimes deadly, diseases. To protect HCP, it is important to reduce the risk of vaccine-preventable diseases. In addition to protecting employees, ensuring that they are up-to-date with recommended vaccines will: decrease the potential of employee furlough, reduce the need and cost for post-exposure prophylaxis of patients/residents/HCP, and help ensure an efficient exposure response. Good vaccine coverage among employees will also protect the health of patients and visitors.

Health care personnel includes: physicians, nurses, nursing assistants, emergency medical personnel, dental professionals, medical and nursing students, laboratory technicians, environmental service workers, pharmacists, hospital volunteers, and administrative staff.

Vaccines recommended for health care personnel

Varicella (chickenpox)

If no proof of immunity, HCP need 2 doses of varicella vaccine, at least 28 days apart. Proof of immunity includes:

  • Documentation of prior vaccination.
  • Clinician diagnosis or serological verification of a history of varicella or herpes zoster (shingles).
Hepatitis B

If previously unvaccinated, HCP need a 3-dose series (on a 0, 1, and 6 months schedule). Obtain anti-HBs serologic testing 1–2 months after third dose for HCP who perform tasks that may involve exposure to blood or body fluids.

Influenza (flu) Annual vaccination.
MMR (measles, mumps, rubella)

HCP need documentation of 2 MMR given at least 28 days apart unless they have proof of immunity. Proof of immunity includes:

  • Documentation of 2 doses of MMR vaccine.
  • Laboratory evidence of immunity.
  • Laboratory confirmation of disease.
  • Born before 1957.
    • For HCP born before 1957, verification of immune status may depend on the risk of exposure to measles within the facility. See the MMR ACIP vaccine recommendations.
Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis)
  • HCP need a one-time dose of Tdap as soon as possible if there has been no Tdap previously administered (regardless of when previous dose of Td was received).
  • Td boosters every 10 years.
Meningococcal ACWY and B serogroups

Vaccinate microbiologists that are routinely exposed to Neisseria meningitidis isolates:

  • A dose of MenACWY; and boost every 5 years, if risk continues.  
  • The 2- or 3- dose series of Men B (depending on product used).

Also, see CDC's Recommended Vaccines for Health Care Workers.

Managing exposures in health care personnel

Use these resources to help manage a health care personnel exposure to certain vaccine-preventable diseases.

More information and resources

To learn more about vaccine-preventable diseases and the benefits and potential risks associated with the vaccines, go to:

We are here to help! Please contact us at 651-201-5414 if you have questions about:

  • Infection control
  • Immunization recommendations
  • Responding to a diagnosis or exposure of a vaccine-preventable disease

Updated Tuesday, February 13, 2018 at 11:12AM