Neonatal Sepsis, 2010
Statewide surveillance for neonatal sepsis includes reporting of any bacteria (other than coagulase-negative Staphylococcus) isolated from a sterile site in an infant <7 days of age, and mandatory submission of isolates.
In 2010, 58 cases of neonatal sepsis (0.82 cases per 1,000 live births) were reported compared to 47 cases (0.62 cases per 1,000 live births) in 2009. Among these cases, all were identified via blood or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Most cases (91%) were culture-positive within the first 2 days of life. In 2010, group B Streptococcus was the most common bacteria isolated (31) followed by Streptococcus viridians (7), other Streptococcus spp. (6), Escherichia coli (6), Haemophilus influenzae (4), and 1 each Enterococcus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Acinetobacter spp.
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