Neonatal Sepsis, 2012
Statewide surveillance for neonatal sepsis includes reporting of any bacteria (other than coagulase-negative Staphylococcus) isolated from a sterile site in an infant <7 days of age, and mandatory submission of isolates. In 2012, 40 cases of neonatal sepsis (0.58 cases per 1,000 live births) were reported compared to 56 cases (0.82 cases per 1,000 live births) in 2011. Among these cases, all were identified via blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Most cases (70%) were culture-positive within the first 2 days of life. In 2012, Streptococcus viridians was the most common bacteria (12) followed by group B Streptococcus (10) followed by Escherichia coli (7), Enterococcus spp. (3), Haemophilus influenzae (2), Staphylococcus aureus (2), and 1 each Klebsiella pneumoniae, group G Streptococcus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and other Streptococcus spp.
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