About the STD and HIV and TB Section
The mission of the STD and HIV and TB Section is to prevent death and disability from HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, particularly among populations with a disproportionate burden of disease.
The section will provide statewide leadership and support community leadership to prevent initial and subsequent transmission and decrease disease prevalence.
This mission is addressed through a statewide comprehensive approach which includes the public health strategies of targeted behavioral interventions, surveillance and monitoring and early detection, treatment and referral.
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs, also referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, do not refer to any one disease but include more than 25 infectious organisms that are transmitted through sexual activity and the dozens of clinical syndromes that they cause.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV can spread from person to person during anal, vaginal, or less commonly, during oral sex. HIV can also be spread while sharing needles or reusing equipment to inject drugs, tattoo or body pierce. HIV can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There are two phases: latent infection and active disease. Active TB disease most often affects the lungs, but can involve any part of the body. The MDH TB Prevention and Control Program collaborates with clinicians and local health departments to ensure that persons with TB receive effective and timely treatment and that contact investigations are performed to minimize the spread of TB.