March 2001

Public Health Interventions: Applications for Nursing Practice (The "Wheel" Manual)

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Public health nurses (PHNs) work in schools, homes, clinics, jails, shelters, out of mobile vans and dog sleds. They work with communities, the individuals and families that compose communities, and the systems that impact the health of those communities. Regardless of where PHNs work or whom they work with, all public health nurses use a core set of interventions to accomplish their goals.

Interventions are actions that PHNs take on behalf of individuals, families, systems, and communities to improve or protect health status.


This framework, known as the “intervention model,” defines the scope of public health nursing practice by type of intervention and level of practice (systems, community, individual/family), rather than by the more traditional “site” of service, that is, home visiting nurse, school nurse, occupational health nurse, clinic nurse, etc. The intervention model describes the scope of practice by what is similar across settings and describes the work of public health nursing at the community and systems practice levels as well as the conventional individual/family level. These interventions are not exclusive to public health nursing as they are also used by other public health disciplines. The public health intervention model does represent public health nursing as a specialty practice of nursing. Read more of the manual... (PDF: 1.2MB / 366 pages)

Download Manual & Handouts

Icon Public Health Interventions: Applications for Nursing Practice (PDF: 1.2MB / 366 pages)
Icon Interventions Wheel: Color (PDF: 218KB / 1 page)
Icon Interventions Wheel: Black and White (PDF: 298KB / 1 page)
Icon Interventions Wheel: Definitions (PDF: 12KB / 2 pages)

Order Printed Materials

$25 Manual (DOC: 423KB / 1 page)
$20 Handouts: Set of 10 Wheels, Definitions (DOC: 423KB / 1 page)

Suggested citation: Public Health Nursing Section: Public Health Interventions–Applications for Public Health Nursing Practice. St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Health, 2001.