Local Public Health Assessment and Planning
About Assessment and Planning
|Diagram: Local Public Health Assessment & Planning Process (308KB / 1 page) - as seen above|
|Overview of Local Public Health Assessment & Planning (125KB / 1 page)|
How Do These Plans Fit Together?
Community Health Improvement Plan and Strategic Plan
Community Health Improvement Plans developed during the 2005-2009 CHAAP cycle can be one resource used in assessing trends that affect the health of the community, and in assessing a department's strengths and weaknesses s they relate to implementing health improvement plans.
If 2010-2014 cycle Community Health Improvement Plans are not completed prior to the start of the strategic planning process, relevant objectives and action steps can be added to the organization's Strategic Plan at a later time.
A Strategic Plan can also specifically include components involved with developing a Community Health Improvement Plan.
Strategic Plan and Quality Improvement Plan
A Quality Improvement Plan is guided by a department's policies and strategic direction found in mission and vision statements, in the Strategic Plan, and in the Community Health Improvement Plan. (Source: Public Health Accreditation Board Standards and Measures Version 1.0, Standard 9.2.1, p. 204)
The strategic planning process is informed by various assessments, including the Three Standards Most in Need of Improvement (which were identified in Fall 2011 as part of the standards self-assessment process), as well as customer satisfaction data. In a way, a Strategic Plan provides a high-level view of a department's efforts to improve how the department performs its work.
The strategic planning process may also identify strategic goals that could inform the Quality Improvement Plan (example: developing a culture of quality improvement, or providing QI training for all staff).
Quality Improvement Plan and Community Health Improvement Plan
A Quality Improvement Plan can focus on a department's ability to carry out its roles and responsibilities as identified in a Community Health Improvement Plan. Conversely, a Community Health Improvement Plan can identify goals that might inform a Quality Improvement Plan.
- A department may need to improve the quality of the process involved with recruiting and retaining community partners for the development and implementation of a Community Health Improvement Plan.
- A partnership may initiate a quality improvement project around an action plan that did not result in the desired
Examples: Plans Working Together
- Strategic Plan: Public Health Department will identify its specific role and focus, with regard to decreasing adolescent tobacco use
- Community Health Improvement Plan: All health care providers and non-profit organizations working with adolescents will assess and address tobacco use
- Quality Improvement Plan: Public Health Department will examine use of assessment tools, and ensure all staff assess adolescent clients for tobacco use
- Strategic Plan: Public Health Department will focus on social marketing as a method to increase immunization rates during the next three to five years
- Community Health Improvement Plan: All health care organizations will work to increase immunization rates
- Quality Improvement Plan: Public Health Department will review and improve organization's efficacy in risk communication, to better respond to immunization myths
What Does PHAB Say?
[The strategic plan must include] linkages with the [community] health improvement plan and … the health department’s roles and responsibilities for implementing the health improvement plan. It must also link with the health department’s quality improvement plan. The strategic plan need not link to all elements of the health improvement plan or quality improvement plan, but it must show where linkages are appropriate for effective planning and implementation.
[The quality improvement] plan is guided by the health department’s policies and strategic direction found in its mission and vision statements, in its strategic plan, and in its health improvement plan.
[The community health improvement plan] describes how the health department and the community it serves will work together to improve the health of the population of the jurisdiction that the health department serves.
(Source: PHAB Standards and Measures Version 1.0, Standard 5.3.2A , p. 138; Standard 9.2.1A, p. 203; Standard 5.2, p. 118)