The Clinical Guide to Services is a comprehensive reference guide of testing services, shipping information and submission requirements. Efforts have been made to be concise and current with all information, but as testing procedures and regulations change, some information may not be current. Many of these tests are only available with prior approval from MDH. It is impossible to address all situations in this guide, so please contact us with any questions.

List of Tests (Alphabetical by Agent)

A | B | C | D | E | F| G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | XYZ


List of Tests by Agent

C

Calicivirus

See: Norovirus

California (LaCrosse) encephalitis

See: Arbovirus test listings

Campylobacter spp. - Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing

See: Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing

Campylobacter spp. - Detection in Clinical Samples

Methodology: Culture
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Required
Specimen: Stool in ParaPak C&S, Modified Carey-Blair or equivalent - fill to line (approximately 5 ml). Unpreserved stool samples must be received within 2 hours of collection.
Shipping: Ship preserved samples at room temperature. Transport fresh samples at refrigeration temperature.
Turnaround: Negative results available within 2-4 working days. Positive results are phoned to submitter as soon as available
Comments: Included in routine Enteric Bacterial Culture

This disease is reportable. Isolates must be submitted to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Campylobacter spp. - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Biochemical testing, PCR
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium or Wang's transport medium (available from MDH)
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Identification from pure culture available in 4-6 working days

This disease is reportable. Isolates must be submitted to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Campylobacter spp. - Molecular Subtyping

See: Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis

Candida spp. - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Culture morphology, Biochemical testing
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 1 week of specimen receipt

Chagas Disease

See: Trypanosoma cruzi

Chanchroid

See: Haemophilus ducreyi

Chancre

See: Treponema pallidum

Chicken Pox

See: Varicella Zoster Virus

Chlamydia pneumoniae - Detection of DNA in Clinical Samples

Methodology: PCR
Restrictions: Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Nasopharyngeal or throat swab, dry or in transport medium
Sputum (0.5 ml)
Bronchoalveolar lavage, pleural fluid, tracheal aspirate (0.5 ml)
Shipping: Ship at refrigeration temperature.
Turnaround: Not available
Comments: This test is for research use only.

Cholera

See: Vibrio SPP.

Clostridium botulinum - Detection in Clinical and Environmental Samples and Food

Methodology: Culture
Restrictions: Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: See Specimen Requirements
Shipping: See Specimen Requirements
Turnaround: Within 10 working days of specimen receipt

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Note: This organism has been designated as a Select Agent (Select Agent Regulation, 42 CFR, 73, Final Rule). Special handling criteria apply. Please contact the laboratory for special instructions.

Clostridium botulinum - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Biochemical testing, Toxin testing
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Not available

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Clostridium botulinum toxin - Detection in Clinical and Environmental Samples and Food

Methodology: Toxin Neutralization Assay
Restrictions: Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: See Specimen Requirements
Shipping: See Specimen Requirements
Turnaround: Within 5 working days of specimen receipt

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Clostridium perfringens - Detection in Stool or Implicated Food

Methodology: Culture
Restrictions: Done for investigation of foodborne illness only. Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Stool in ParaPak C&S, Modified Carey-Blair or equivalent - fill to line (approximately 5 ml)
Implicated food - minimum of 10 g in original container or transferred to sterile container using sterile instruments.
Shipping: Ship stool at room temperature, food at refrigeration temperature.
Turnaround: Within 5 working days of specimen receipt

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Clostridium perfringens - Detection of Enterotoxin Type A in Stool

Methodology: Reversed passive latex agglutination
Restrictions: Done for investigation of foodborne illness only. Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Stool in ParaPak C&S, Modified Carey-Blair or equivalent - fill to line (approximately 5 ml)
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 5 days of specimen receipt

Clostridium perfringens - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Biochemical testing, Toxin testing
Restrictions: Toxin testing is done for investigation of foodborne illness only. Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 5 working days of specimen receipt

Clostridium tetani - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Biochemical testing, Toxin testing
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 2 weeks of specimen receipt
Comments: If required, toxin testing is performed at CDC

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

CMV

See: Cytomegalovirus

Coccidioides immitis - Antibody Detection

See: Fungal Serology

Coccidioides immitis - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Culture morphology, Nucleic acid probe
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature, sealed culture system.
Turnaround: Probe results within 1 working day of specimen receipt

Note: This organism has been designated as a Select Agent (Select Agent Regulation, 42 CFR, 73, Final Rule). Special handling criteria apply. Please contact the laboratory for special instructions.

Corynebacterium diphtheriae - Detection in Clinical Samples

Methodology: Culture, PCR
Restrictions: Contact laboratory at (651) 201-5073 and/or Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not Required
Specimen: Nasopharyngeal swab, throat swab, membrane sample
Inoculate Loeffler's slant (available from MDH), leave swab on slant. Deliver to laboratory immediately or incubate at 37C and deliver within 18 hours of inoculation.
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Negative results available after 48 hours of incubation

This disease is reportable. Isolates must be submitted to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Corynebacterium diphtheriae - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Microscopic morphology, Growth characteristics, Other methods as needed
Restrictions: Contact laboratory at (651) 201-5073 and/or Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not Required
Specimen: Actively growing culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: C. diphtheriae ruled out within 1 working day of specimen receipt

This disease is reportable. Isolates must be submitted to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Coxiella burnetii - Detection of DNA in Clinical Samples

Methodology: Laboratory Response Network Protocols
Tests May Include: PCR or Time Resolved Fluorescence Assay (TRF)
Restrictions: Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Tissue or bone marrow (100 mg)
Whole EDTA blood or serum (0.5 ml)
Nasopharyngeal or throat swab, dry or in transport medium
Sputum, bronchial/tracheal washings (0.5 ml)
Lesion exudates
Shipping: Ship at refrigeration temperature.
Turnaround: 2 days
Comments: This test is for research use only.

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040

Coxsackie virus

See: Enterovirus

Cryptococcus neoformans - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Isolate

Methodology: Culture morphology, Biochemical testing
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Actively growing pure culture on suitable medium
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Identification from pure culture available within 2 weeks

Cryptosporidium spp. (C. parvum, C. hominis) - Detection in Clinical Samples

Methodology: Concentration, Acid-fast stain, and Direct fluorescent antibody
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Required
Specimen: Stool preserved in both formalin and PVA - fill to line (kits are available from MDH)
Sputum preserved in 10% formalin
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 3 working days of specimen receipt

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040.

Cryptosporidium spp. (C. parvum, C. hominis) - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Specimen

Methodology: Microscopic Examination, Acid-fast stain, Direct fluorescent antibody
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Prepared fecal concentrate
Stained or unstained permanent slides
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 5 working days of specimen receipt

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040.

Cryptosporidium spp. (C. parvum, C. hominis) - Molecular Subtyping

Methodology: PCR, restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, DNA sequencing
Restrictions: Contact Infectious Disease Epidemiology Prevention and Control at (651) 201-5414 or (877) 676-5414 before requesting this test.
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Stool, fresh
Stool sample in non-formalin preservative or transport medium (e.g. PVA, EcoFix Cary-Blair)
Shipping: Unpreserved stool: ship at refrigeration temperature
Stool in preservative: ship at room or refrigeration temperature.

This disease must be reported to MDH as required by State Rule 4605.7040
Comments: This test is for research use only.

Cutaneous larva migrans (Anyclostoma spp.) - Antibody Detection

See: Parasite Serology

Cyclospora cayetanensis - Detection in Clinical Samples

Methodology: Concentration, Acid-fast stain, and Autofluorescence
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Required
Specimen: Stool preserved in both formalin and PVA - fill to line (kits are available from MDH)
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 3 working days of specimen receipt

Cyclospora cayetanensis - Identification/Confirmation of Referred Specimen

Methodology: Microscopic Examination, Acid-fast stain, Autofluorescence
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Not required
Specimen: Prepared fecal concentrate
Stained or unstained permanent slides
Shipping: Ship at room temperature.
Turnaround: Within 3 working days of specimen receip

Cysticercosis (Larval Taenia solium) - Antibody Detection

See: Parasite Serology

Cytomegalovirus - Detection in Clinical Samples

Methodology: Culture
Restrictions: None
Fee Sticker: Required
Specimen: Urine (>1 ml)
Throat swab in viral transport medium
Lung sample in viral transport medium
Shipping: Ship at refrigeration temperature.
Turnaround: Within 21 days of specimen receipt


Back to top

Updated Wednesday, 12-Jan-2011 10:46:01 CST