Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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AAFP (American Academy of Family Physicians): The AAFP is the national association of family doctors. It is one of the largest national medical organizations, with more than 94,000 members in 50 states, D.C., Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam. Reference: http://www.aafp.org
AAP: American Academy of Pediatrics, the professional association for pediatricians (physicians who treat children). Reference: http://www.aap.org
Access to electronic health records: The act of obtaining, retrieving or viewing electronic health records
Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X12: Develops, maintains, interprets, publishes and promotes the proper use of American National and UN/EDIFACT International Electronic Data Interchange Standards. Its main objective is to develop standards to facilitate electronic interchange relating to business transactions such as order placement and processing, shipping and receiving information, invoicing, and payment and cash application data. Reference: http://www.x12.org/
ACP (American College of Physicians): ACP is the professional association for physicians who practice general internal medicine and for those in related subspecialties, including cardiology (heart), gastroenterology (digestive system), nephrology (kidney), endocrinology (glands), hematology (blood), rheumatology (muscles or joints), neurology (brain and nervous system), pulmonary (lung) disease, oncology (cancer), infectious diseases, allergy and immunology, and geriatrics (elderly). Reference: http://www.acponline.org
ADE (Adverse Drug Event): An Adverse Drug Event is an injury resulting from medical intervention related to a drug. Does not necessarily imply medical error; ADEs can include non-preventable incidents such as adverse reactions to properly prescribed drugs (see ADR), as well as preventable incidents due to improper prescribing or other errors.
ADR (Adverse Drug Reaction): An Adverse Drug Reaction is a complication caused by use of a drug in the usual (i.e. correct) manner and dosage.
Adverse Event: An adverse event is an injury caused by medical management, rather than by the underlying condition of the patient. Reference:http://www.health.state.mn.us/patientsafety/ae/index.html
AHIC (American Health Information Community): AHIC is a federally-chartered commission that provides input and recommendations to the federal Department of Health and Human Services on how to make health records digital and interoperable, and assure that the privacy and security of those records are protected, in a smooth, market-led way. Reference: http://www.hhs.gov/healthit/ahic.html
AHIMA (American Health Information Management Association): AHIMA is a professional association that provides medical records professionals with educational resources and programs. Reference: http://www.ahima.org or http://www.mnhima.org/.
AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality): AHRQ is the lead federal agency for research on health care quality, costs, outcomes, and patient safety. It sponsors and conducts research that provides evidence-based information on health care outcomes; quality; and cost, use, and access. Reference: http://www.ahrq.gov/about/budgtix.htm
AMA (American Medical Association): The AMA is a legislative advocacy organization that unites physicians nationwide to work on important professional and public health issues. Reference: http://www.ama-assn.org/
AMIA: AMIA is a professional group dedicated to the development and application of medical informatics in support of patient care, teaching, research, and health care administration. Reference: http://www.amia.org/mbrcenter/
ANA (American Nursing Association): The ANA is the only full-service professional organization representing the interests of the nation's 3.1 million registered nurses through its constituent member nurses associations and its organizational affiliates. Reference: http://www.ama-assn.org/
ANI (Alliance for Nursing Informatics): ANI is a collaboration of organizations, representing a unified voice for nursing informatics to provide a mechanism for transforming care, developing resources, guidelines and standards for nursing informatics practice, education, scope of practice, research, certification, public policy, terminology, best practice guidelines, mentoring, advocacy, networking and career services. Reference: http://www.allianceni.org/about.asp
ANSI (American National Standards Institute): ANSI is a private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system. The Institute's mission is to enhance both the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity. Reference: http://www.ansi.org/ See also: HITSP
APHA (American Public Health Association): APHA represents a broad array of health professionals and others who care about their own health and the health of their communities. Reference: http://www.apha.org/
APHL (Association of Public Health Laboratories): The Association of Public Health Laboratories works to strengthen laboratories serving the public's health in the U.S. and globally. Reference:http://www.aphl.org/
ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009): Commonly referred to as the Stimulus or The Recovery Act, is an economic stimulus package enacted by the 111th United States Congress in February 2009. With the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Congress established new Medicare and Medicaid incentives to stimulate critically needed investments in health information technology (health IT). Reference: http://healthit.hhs.gov/portal/server.pt/community/healthit_hhs_gov__learn_about_hitech/1233
ASTHO (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials): ASTHO is the national nonprofit organization representing the public health agencies of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and the District of Columbia, as well as the 120,000 public health professionals these agencies employ. Reference: http://www.astho.org/
Audit log: A report that indicates who has accessed a patient's electronic health record that may include some or all of the following data elements: date of access; time of access; name of person, if available, otherwise name of entity accessing the electronic designated record set; description of what information was accessed, if available, and description of action by the user, if available, e.g. "create," "modify," "access," or "delete."
Audit procedure: A formal mechanism to evaluate, record and report findings in order to assess compliance with requirements.
Audit trail: Chronological record of system activity which enables the reconstruction of information regarding the creation, distribution, modification, and deletion of data. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/
Authentication: Verification of the identity of a person or process. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/
Authorization: The role or set of permissions for information system activity assigned to an individual. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/