Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health

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Best Practice
: A technique or methodology that, through experience and research, has shown to reliably lead to a desired result. Reference: http://www.phii.org/

Biometric Authentication Technology: Technology that uses some human biological feature (e.g. fingerprint, voice pattern, retina scan, or signature dynamics) to uniquely identify an individual. Reference: http://www.ehealthinitiative.org/

BioSense: BioSense is the national program designed to improve the nation's capabilities for real-time biosurveillance and situational awareness at a time when the vast number of health-related information systems that exist nationally vary in their ability to share data to support immediate biosurveillance needs. Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/biosense/

Biosurveillance:  Biosurveillance, in the context of human health, is the science and practice of managing health-related data and information for early warning of threats and hazards and early detection and rapid characterization of emerging health threats so that adverse health effects can be mitigated. Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD-21) defines biosurveillance as "…the process of active data-gathering with appropriate analysis and interpretation of biosphere data that might relate to disease activity and threats to human or animal health—whether infectious, toxic, metabolic, or otherwise, and regardless or intentional or natural origin—in order to achieve early warning of health threats, early detection of health events, and overall situational awareness of disease activity." Reference: http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/hspd-21.htm

Business Case: A structured proposal for business improvement that functions as a decision package for organizational decision-makers. A business case includes an analysis of business process performance and associated needs or problems, proposed alternative solutions, assumptions, constraints, and a risk-adjusted cost-benefit analysis. Reference: Interoperability Clearinghouse Glossary of Terms, http://www.ichnet.org/glossary.htm

Business Practice: Habitual or customary actions or acts in which an organization engages. Also used in the plural to describe a set of business operations that are routinely followed. Reference: http://www.phii.org/

Business Process: A set of related work tasks designed to produce a specific desired programmatic (business) result. The process involves multiple parties internal or external to the organization and frequently cuts across organization boundaries. Reference: http://www.phii.org/

Business Process Analysis: The effort to understand an organization and its purpose while identifying the activities, participants and information flows that enable the organization to do its work. The output of the business process analysis phase is a model of the business processes consisting of a set of diagrams and textual descriptions to be used for design or redesign of business processes. Reference: http://www.phii.org/

Business Process Redesign: The effort to improve the performance of an organization's business processes and increase customer satisfaction. Business process redesign seeks to restructure tasks and workflow to be more effective and more efficient. Reference: http://www.phii.org/

Business Rules: A set of statements that define or constrain some aspect of the business process. Business rules are intended to assert business structure or to control or influence the behavior of the health agency (business). Reference: http://www.phii.org/

Updated Monday, 14-Feb-2011 11:13:40 CST