Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
|A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z|
The act of obtaining, retrieving or viewing electronic health records.
Develops, maintains, interprets, publishes and promotes the proper use of American National and UN/EDIFACT International Electronic Data Interchange Standards. Its main objective is to develop standards to facilitate electronic interchange relating to business transactions such as order placement and processing, shipping and receiving information, invoicing, and payment and cash application data.Reference: http://www.x12.org/
An Adverse Drug Event is an injury resulting from medical intervention related to a drug. Does not necessarily imply medical error; ADEs can include non-preventable incidents such as adverse reactions to properly prescribed drugs (see ADR), as well as preventable incidents due to improper prescribing or other errors.
An adverse event is an injury caused by medical management, rather than by the underlying condition of the patient.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) – also known as the Affordable Care Act or ACA, and generally referred to as Obamacare – is the landmark health reform legislation passed by the 111th Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in March 2010. The legislation includes a long list of health-related provisions that began taking effect in 2010. Key provisions are intended to extend coverage to millions of uninsured Americans, to implement measures that will lower health care costs and improve system efficiency, and to eliminate industry practices that include rescission and denial of coverage due to pre-existing conditions.
AHRQ is the lead federal agency for research on health care quality, costs, outcomes, and patient safety. It sponsors and conducts research that provides evidence-based information on health care outcomes; quality; and cost, use, and access.
ANI is a collaboration of organizations, representing a unified voice for nursing informatics to provide a mechanism for transforming care, developing resources, guidelines and standards for nursing informatics practice, education, scope of practice, research, certification, public policy, terminology, best practice guidelines, mentoring, advocacy, networking and career services.
AHIC is a federally-chartered commission that provides input and recommendations to the federal Department of Health and Human Services on how to make health records digital and interoperable, and assure that the privacy and security of those records are protected, in a smooth, market-led way.
AMIA is a professional group dedicated to the development and application of medical informatics in support of patient care, teaching, research, and health care administration.
ANSI is a private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standardization and conformity assessment system. The Institute's mission is to enhance both the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity.
See also: HITSP
APHA represents a broad array of health professionals and others who care about their own health and the health of their communities.
Commonly referred to as the Stimulus or The Recovery Act, is an economic stimulus package enacted by the 111th United States Congress in February 2009. With the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Congress established new Medicare and Medicaid incentives to stimulate critically needed investments in health information technology (health IT).
1. A set of standard software interrupts, calls, functions, and data formats that can be used by an application program to access network services, devices, applications, or operating systems. 2. A set of pre-made functions used to build programs. APIs ask the operating system or another application to perform specific tasks. There is an API for almost everything, including messaging APIs for email, telephony APIs for calling systems, Java APIs, and graphics APIs, such as DirectX.
Reference: HIMSS Dictionary of Healthcare Information Technology Terms, Acronyms and Organizations, Third Edition. HIMSS, CRC Press. 2013.
The Association of Public Health Laboratories works to strengthen laboratories serving the public's health in the U.S. and globally.
ASTHO is the national nonprofit organization representing the public health agencies of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and the District of Columbia, as well as the 120,000 public health professionals these agencies employ.Reference: http://www.astho.org/
A report that indicates who has accessed a patient's electronic health record that may include some or all of the following data elements: date of access; time of access; name of person, if available, otherwise name of entity accessing the electronic designated record set; description of what information was accessed, if available, and description of action by the user, if available, e.g. "create," "modify," "access," or "delete."
A formal mechanism to evaluate, record and report findings in order to assess compliance with requirements.
Chronological record of system activity which enables the reconstruction of information regarding the creation, distribution, modification, and deletion of data.
Verification of the identity of a person or process.