Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Related to e-Health
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Documents that contain implementation specifications (instructions) for implementing a specific standard or meeting a specific interoperability need.Reference: Adapted from A HIPAA Glossary. http://www.wedi.org/docs/resources/hipaa-glossary-download.pdf?sfvrsn=0
Specific instructions for implementing a standards or meeting a specific interoperability need. These are often contained in implementation guides or other supporting documents developed by HL-7 or IHE.Reference: Adapted from A HIPAA Glossary. http://www.wedi.org/docs/resources/hipaa-glossary-download.pdf?sfvrsn=0
The Indian Health Service (IHS), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services, is responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. The provision of health services to members of federally-recognized tribes grew out of the special government-to-government relationship between the federal government and Indian tribes.Reference: http://www.ihs.gov/
The application of computer science and information science to the management and processing of data,information, and knowledge. Also see Health Informatics.See Also: Health Informatics
A broad field encompassing human-computer interaction, information science, information technology, algorithms, and social science.
- Information Science – the study of the processing, management and retrieval of information.
- Information Technology – the study, design, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems.
- Algorithms – a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem solving operations, especially by a computer.
- Social Science – the scientific study of human society and social relationships.
The accountability framework and decision rights to achieve enterprise information management (EIM). IG is the responsibility of executive leadership for developing and driving the IG strategy throughout the organization. IG encompasses both data governance and information technology governance.Reference: http://journal.ahima.org/2013/12/04/ig-101-what-is-information-governance/
Technology related to computing functions including software, hardware, processes, programming languages and data constructs.
The process to ensure the effective evaluation, selection, prioritization, and funding of competing IT investments. ITG oversees the implementation of these investments and extracts business benefits.Reference: http://journal.ahima.org/2013/12/04/ig-101-what-is-information-governance/
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is an independent, nonprofit organization that works outside of government to provide unbiased and authoritative advice to decision makers and the public.
Access to electronic health records that resulted from actions taken with the purpose of obtaining, retrieving or viewing that specific electronic health record.
Shared boundary between two functional units defined by various characteristics pertaining to the functions, physical interconnections, signal changes, and other characteristics as appropriate.
Access to electronic health records either by a health care entity that controls the electronic health records or a related health care entity.
The International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) is the world body for health and biomedical informatics. IMIA provides leadership and expertise to the multidisciplinary, health focused community and to policy makers, to enable the transformation of healthcare in accord with the world-wide vision of improving the health of the world population.Reference: http://imia-medinfo.org/wp/
The 1992 revision of the international disease classification system developed by the World Health Organization.Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10.htm
The American modification of the ICD-10 classification system, for field review release in 1998.Reference: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/icd/icd10cm.htm
The ability of a system to exchange electronic health information with and use electronic health information from other systems using standards and without special effort on the part of the user. Interoperability is the capability of individuals and their families, communities, and providers to collect, use and share health information accurately, securely, verifiably, and timely to support health and shared-decision making.
References: Adapted from ONC. (2015) Connecting Health and Care for the Nation. A Shared Nationwide Interoperability Roadmap.